According to the Constitution, those who habitually speak the Malay language, practice Islam and adopt the Malay culture or way of life are Malays.
There are those who claim they are “liberal” Malays. Therefore there are now “Constitutional Malays, ‘Liberal’ Malays and Conservative Malays” in this country. Perhaps they may be identified based on the extent and depth of “Malay values” they hold.
But what are Malay values? Let’s discuss them here.
There appears to be the same categories among Chinese and Indians. With varying perception of Chinese and Indian values, too.
Understanding all these will hopefully help foster a spirit of give and take, goodwill and understanding, at least tolerance among one another. Yet, should we just live and let live when we should make a conscious effort to unite and be a happy, prosperous and vibrant nation?
We should be having Malaysian values. But what are they? Let’s also discuss them here. Do feel free to speak your minds, whether in a few words or more.
To kick off the discussion, given below are a few articles found in the public domain.
As far as the Malays are concerned, let’s see which category is the majority, which category has to be taken into account, which views to be considered in the efforts to achieve a developed status, lasting peace and uninterrupted progress in the country.
Perkasa Malay versus liberal Malay
June 07, 2010
(Written by Datuk Jema Khan, a former Sabah Umno Youth leader, now a businessman, said to be pushing the Agenda Liberal Melayu).
The essence of Perkasa’s ideology, if one can even call it that, is to make the Malays feel like the master race in the country. As the master race, all that belongs to the country belongs to them. They, of course, have yet to get their just desserts.
Even if they had already got it before, they still want it now because they presumably were not able to make much of the benefits they once enjoyed. Their demands, though, are cloaked under the guise of the poverty and disabilities of the Malays in Malaysia.
The liberal Malays, on the other hand, are well exposed to other races and nationalities. We are confident of ourselves in relation to other people. We have long left behind the village mindset and are disdainful of being the village champion as we know there is a great big world out there, with many who are indeed smart and capable human beings. Yet we welcome an environment that is based on meritocracy.
We look at the Malays in Singapore and ask, how are they able to have a GDP per capita which is a few times higher than the Malays here? They didn’t have the New Economic Policy (NEP). What they did have was a good education, a clean government and meritocracy.
The Perkasa mindset plays on the Malays’ fears that without rent seeking, corruption, subsidies and abuse of power, the Malays are doomed. Yes, the Malays are generally poor but the so-called affirmative action as proposed by Perkasa will not make the majority of them better off.
It will only enrich the few Malays at the top who can take advantage of it. At the same time the mindset of most of the Malays will still be focussed on their poverty, ignorance and an inability to compete in today’s economic environment.
If Perkasa succeeds then the age old adage of “who you know is more important that what you know” will perpetuate. The poor Malays can then hang on and around the Perkasa leadership in hopes of getting their improbable payoffs somewhere in the future.
The liberal Malays know that the Perkasa way will be both unfair and unsustainable not only to other Malaysians but to the Malays themselves. We want to make the Malays better off, too.
The difference is that we want to make the vast majority of them better off, not just a select few. Foremost to this is for the Malays to live in a free society where individual human rights are respected above all else. The Malays should not have to make a trade off between their individual human rights just to support an affirmative action policy that has long passed its sell-by date.
Malay women who represent half of the Malay population should also not be subject to the gender bias so prevalent in our society today. Single Malay mothers should not have to bear the burden for their children while the men who impregnated them are scot free.
The illegitimate Malay children should be helped and not stigmatised. Focussing on punishing and subjugating the Malays will not improve their lot, especially when blame is not properly assigned. Lowering the bar in education just to get more Malays to pass will not make them more employable.
The liberal Malays know that solving the above Malay problems will enrich the Malay race far more than any affirmative action as proposed by Perkasa. Hypocrisy has to be thrown out the window. We must look at the world as it is today and solve today’s problems.
Meritocracy will save the Malays from the power structures that only wish to perpetuate their own rule. The young Malays should not be fettered with the ideologies of the past. The institutions that actually helped the Malays in the past have grown too big and have now become a power unto themselves. They no longer serve the interest of the vast majority of the Malays.
Yes, the Malays will have to study and work harder. Success in the political, religious or government sectors cannot continue to be the key to the wealth of the Malays. Focus must be put on increasing the commercial value of the Malays in the private sector. Liberalisation in the educational, commercial and social aspects of society will free the Malay minds to pursue their own destiny.
The politics of Perkasa has no place if we are to have a new dawn of honesty, openness, intellectual vibrancy and meritocracy. This will be the true empowerment of the Malays as envisaged by the liberal agenda.
* The views expressed here are the personal opinion of the columnist.
A right Najib wrongs Malaysia — The Malaysian Insider
May 30, 2010
MAY 30 — You have to hand it to Datuk Seri Najib Razak. He was spot-on in his first day of being prime minister when he said, “The days of government knows best is over.”
Datuk Ibrahim Ali told Najib that much last night when he said the Malays, or rather his followers, had rejected the New Economic Model (NEM).
They want to stick to the New Economic Policy (NEP), drawn up by Najib’s father Tun Abdul Razak Hussein in the aftermath of the May 13 riots.
Ironically, Ibrahim’s Malay Consultative Council (MPM) had recently said the NEP had failed the Malays. The contradiction however, escaped the Pasir Mas MP who wanted to press home the point that Malays want to continue to enjoy all the privileges dished out under the NEP.
But not all Malays enjoy the privileges nor do non-Malays who make up some 40 per cent of the population.
For them, the government definitely does not know best if it waffles on key recommendations of appointed experts to institute steps and open the Malaysian economy.
After all, Malaysia’s sixth prime minister is betting on the NEM to provide a fillip to the slowly recovering economy for him to seek his own mandate in the next general elections.
Najib is right that shouts of “Hidup Melayu” will not bring food to the table for the community. But he has to stand firm and ensure measures that will benefit all Malaysians remain in place when he tables the NEM in the 10th Malaysia Plan this June 10.
Being the cautious consensus-builder, the prime minister should also get the views of other Malaysians on the future direction of the national economy. He has less than two weeks to do so if the NEM proposals are really “trial balloons” and not the real thing for the country’s future.
And he has to show leadership that his father did in rebuilding a country that had saddened “the world’s happiest prime minister” Tunku Abdul Rahman. Leadership to move the country to a new age, one not mired in the hang-ups of the past but of necessity.
For Tun Razak, it was to balance the country’s economic inequalities and eradicate poverty during his time in office. For his eldest son, it is to repair the damage of that policy which only focused on Bumiputeras but was abused by rent-seekers who now use the lacklustre achievement of just 19.3 per cent stake in the national economy to justify keeping the NEP.
While the government doesn’t know best, the least Najib can do is take the best of the NEM and implement it notwithstanding the carping from the likes of Ibrahim.
Najib has to make it happen and not allow it to flounder like proposals for the GST, petrol price hike or stopping the sale of 14-stick cigarette packs. After all, the only thing new about the NEM would be if it is implemented at all.
Monday, May 3rd, 2010 | Kiriman oleh Zanuddin Salleh
Perkasa demands ‘blue ocean strategy’ for Malays
KUALA LUMPUR, May 3 — Perkasa is putting pressure on the Najib administration to include affirmative action in the New Economic Model (NEM), in the form of a “blue ocean strategy” for Malays, to even out the economic disparity between them and other races.
The Malay rights group’s economic bureau chief, Dr Zubir Harun noted the Malays would still require help from the government under the NEM to ensure their success. Perkasa intends to send a list of proposed amendments and considerations for the NEM to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak at the end of this month.
“The problem is Malays are entering existing markets with little or no support from the government. Existing markets which are dominated by the Chinese are part of a red ocean strategy,” told Zubir.
Perkasa was founded by independent Pasir Mas, MP Datuk Ibrahim Ali, to ensure that Malay rights are not sidelined in an NEM which promotes meritocracy and free markets. The NGO claims to have attracted thousands of members, though largely from Umno.
Zubir said it would be difficult and “unwise” for Malays to try and tap into a “domineering” market because they would not be able to command control, and that it would also disturb the balance of the country’s market system.
He did not provide an elaboration on how exactly would the country’s system be “disturbed.”
“If we compete using a red ocean strategy, Malays would not be able to defeat [the] dominance of other races. The system we have right now, where the Chinese control businesses, if we try and change this it might drastically disturb the economical system of Malaysia,” claimed Zubir.
He said Perkasa wanted the NEM to focus on “new markets”, untapped by Chinese so that Malays could claim and assert dominance in these new fields.
“We should venture into a business where there is no existing red ocean, a new market where Malays can assert their own dominance, and be masters of that particular field,” Zubir said.
Fields under the “blue ocean strategy” that Perkasa is looking into include the aerospace industry, ICT (information and communications technology) as well as medical-related industries.
“We (Malays) would, of course, require assistance from the government,” he said, alluding to the list of demands being sent to Najib.
When asked of the consequences should the government not consider Perkasa’s list of suggestions, Zubir said that there would be “political implications.”
“There will be political implications. We (Perkasa) reflect 70 per cent of the Malay population. We will go on a roadshow if the government does not assist us.
“They (Barisan Nasional) should not forget that the general elections are coming soon, and if they do not offer assistance to the Malays, they will not get [our] votes,” said Zubir.
He claimed Perkasa’s numbers were “growing everyday” and that its membership will reach a million by the end of the year.
“Have you read the Merdeka Center survey? About 70 per cent of Malays support us. We represent them, their concerns. We are the voice of the Malays that live in rural areas, and who are not so lucky,” Zubir said emphatically.
Perkasa tidak memihak parti
KOTA BHARU 12 Jun – Presiden Pertubuhan Pribumi Perkasa Malaysia (Perkasa), Datuk Ibrahim Ali menyelar beberapa pihak yang mendakwa pertubuhan tersebut lebih berpihak kepada satu parti.
Tegas beliau, Perkasa ditubuhkan sebagai alternatif untuk mengisi ‘kekosongan’ dalam memperjuangkan kepentingan rakyat selepas beberapa sayap parti politik seperti Dewan Pemuda Pas (DPP) dan Pergerakan Pemuda UMNO tidak menonjol.
Beliau memberi contoh bagaimana DPP gagal memainkan peranan mereka dalam menyatakan pendirian dalam beberapa isu seperti hak bumiputera, kalimah Allah dan Kohilal.
“Perkara yang sama timbul dalam Pemuda UMNO apabila mereka tidak lantang bersuara walaupun sayap-sayap ini sepatutnya menjadi golongan pendesak kepada pimpinan utama parti masing-masing.
“Sebab itulah Perkasa mendapat perhatian dan penyertaan ramai kerana kita mengisi kekosongan yang ditinggalkan oleh Pemuda UMNO dan DPP,” katanya kepada Mingguan Malaysia di sini, hari ini.
Perkasa yang didaftarkan secara rasmi dengan pendaftar pertubuhan pada 12 September 2008 kini mempunyai kira-kira 20,000 ahli rasmi dan kira-kira 150,000 permohonan sedang diproses.
Sehingga kini, cawangan Perkasa telah pun dibuka di 37 daerah di seluruh Semenanjung manakala 66 daerah lagi akan dibuka sehingga penghujung tahun ini.
Pertubuhan tersebut juga merancang akan membuka beberapa cawangannya di Sabah dan Sarawak bermula Disember ini sehingga Januari tahun depan.