Napoleons Everywhere – in Schools, etc. Even on 1Malaysia.

30 07 2010


Yes, Napoleons of all sizes. The big and the small. All over a small country like Malaysia. Napoleoon Bonaparte must be cringing in his grave if he knows how much his name is being bandied about in Malaysia now.

But what is meant by Napoleons in Malaysia, anyway? Dato Seri Najib said at a convention on innovation on 20 July, 2010:

“There is a remark about Little Napoleon. We cannot have Little Napoleon who does not understand innovation. Napoleon is quite brilliant as a nucleus strategist but we do need people who actually understand what needs to be done to support innovation.

“It is because the role of the public servant is so important in supporting the ecosystem that will nurture the innovation to take place”.

The Prime Minister also said decision makers in the government must become conversant with innovation.

“This will enable them to formulate frameworks, regulations and policies that support innovation and not hinder its growth. Without a favorable regulatory environment, innovation cannot stoke economic growth,” he said.

People of course interpret all sorts and apply the term Little Napoleon almost everywhere. Some people interpret Little Napoleons as those who “dare to throw the spanner into the wheels of development”. Whereas Najib meant Officers who may not understand innovation and wanted them to understand it. But now even 1Malaysia is interpreted as being affected by Little Napoleons. Perhaps not quite what Najib had in mind when he introduced the term Little Napoleon.

In reality, Napoleon Bonaparte was a relatively small-sized Frenchman with a big will, tried to invade and conquer Europe in the early 19th Century. From a common man, he rose to the top in the military and became Emperor of France. He failed to conquer Russia, the Coalition forces invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba, he escaped and returned to power. But he was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, some accounts suggesting he was let down by his subordinates there.

Let’s discuss the following articles about “Napoleons in schools, in the Ministry of Education (see articles about the decision to drop UPSR and PMR below), in the civil service, in UMNO, against 1Malaysia, …”. The list could go on but we may be out of space. Let’s argue whether what they say is justifiable or not.

But are there not Little and Big Napoleons among the opposition – whoever they are and whatever they may be opposing?

We are interested in and are looking for the truths and fair comments that would help promote goodwill, understanding and unity in this country.


Little Napoleons everywhere — Lim Mun Fah
July 26, 2010

The Malaysia civil service system originated from the British colonial era, but we have more complaints and criticisms compared to the British colonial administration.

However, there are certain good things in the civil service system and laws handed down by the colonial government, especially the check-and-balance process involving three independent divisions, viz, the executive, legislative and judiciary, under the separation of powers model. They have played an important role in promoting progress and democracy in the country.

However, all systems and laws have their limitations. The world is progressing, the country is changing, and new things continue to emerge, and thus, systems and laws must also be amended and changed. Otherwise, they may become an obstacle to national progress and a burden for the people to seek a better life.

It is worth thinking about whether our huge civil service system and some of our laws have been caught in such a situation.

Lately, “little Napoleons” seem to be found everywhere. Otherwise, the prime minister would not have warned that “we cannot have little Napoleons who do not understand innovation.” Also, Penang Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng would not have been involved in a war of words with a low-ranking official.

The recent issue of banning non-Muslim societies in schools is viewed as just another case of little Napoleons exercising their little power to make things difficult for people.

If the difference between sekolah bantuan penuh and sekolah bantuan modal is an unconstitutional creation of the little Napoleons, then the circular issued by the Selangor Education Department on December 16, 2000 requiring all schools intending to form non-Muslim societies to get consent from the state education director is nothing.

Even though Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin has clarified that all non-Muslim societies formed before the circular was issued can continue their operation, the people are still wondering how many applications would be flatly rejected by the little Napoleons in the state education department after the issuance of the circular? Even worse, they are also wondering whether the applications would be able to reach the state education department?

The people also want to know that how could such a double-standard circular, which has violated the principle of fairness, happen in Malaysia, a country that claims to respect the freedom of religion and belief?

I am afraid that the problem cannot be solved only by taking disciplinary action against those who are involved as after a little Napoleon is dismissed, there will still be many other little Napoleons waiting in the wings. What can we do to them?

The problem lies in the mindset. As long as the overall environment grows rigid and narrow thinking is not eliminated, there will be space for the survival and development of little Napoleons, who are everywhere to destroy our civil service system and the spirit of separation of powers, something that we used to be proud of! —

* This is the personal opinion of the writer or the publication. The Malaysian Insider does not endorse the view unless specified.


The big Napoleons — Tay Tian Yan
July 26, 2010

There is always a big Napoleon behind the little Napoleons.

It is said that it was a little Napoleon’s idea to forbid national secondary schools from having non-Muslim societies.

The little Napoleon said that any school intending to form non-Muslim societies must first get consent from the state education director, according to an Education Ministry circular dated December 16, 2000. Non-Muslim societies formed without consent must be shut down as it was a violation of the law.

As a result, Deputy Prime Minister and Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin came forward to clarify that the circular was issued on December 16, 2000 and thus, all non-Muslim societies formed before that date would not be affected.

“You can take my word for it,” he said.

Yes, three non-Muslims clubs — Kelab Agama Hindu, Kelab Agama Buddha and the Christian Union — at the Klang High School can continue their operation.

A historical problem has been resolved.

However, how about the present and future problems?

For example, could secondary schools form non-Muslim societies now, I mean, after December 16, 2000?
Also, does it mean that all national secondary schools have not been allowed to form non-Muslim societies over the past decade?

Sorry, I think I have asked the wrong person. It may have nothing to do with Muhyiddin, as according to the circular, schools must first get consent from the state education director before they can set up any non-Muslim society.

They cannot shut down the existing non-Muslim societies but it should be okay not to allow the formation of new non-Muslim societies as it is the power of the state education director for not approving the applications.

This is strange. Why non-Muslim societies formed before 2000 can be accepted but special permission is required after 2000?

Could it be because the non-Muslim societies formed before 2000 were more in line with the multi-racial national condition of Malaysia, able to promote good social atmosphere and instil correct values in students?

And such societies formed after 2000 could undermine the multi-racial national condition, harm the society and instil inappropriate values in students?

Perhaps, it is how the little Napoleons think. And such kind of information is provided by a big Napoleon.

The “big Napoleon” that I am referring to may be the manipulator who issued the circular, or someone in the state education department who is responsible to implement the circular. It may also appear as an ideology that views all non-Muslim activities with a narrow vision.

There are little Napoleons only when there is a big Napoleon.

Today, everyone, including both the ruling and opposition parties, is blaming the little Napoleons, saying that they are making trouble.

However, everyone seems to tolerate the big Napoleons, and blame only the little Napoleons whenever there are problems.

The British were afraid of Napoleon Bonaparte 200 years ago and thus, they exiled him to St Helena Island, which is located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 2,000km to the west of Angola.

Napoleon had no choice but to spend the last six years of his life on the island doing nothing, except watching seabirds.

It seems that our big Napoleons should also be isolated or exiled. Of course, we do not have any small island like St Helena. However, it is also good to leave them in an air-conditioned office room so that they can live a leisure life. —

* This is the personal opinion of the writer or the publication. The Malaysian Insider does not endorse the view unless specified.


Educationists and parents want UPSR, PMR to stay
UPDATED @ 03:21:48 PM 27-07-2010
By Boo Su-Lyn
July 27, 2010

PUTRAJAYA, July 27 — Political parties and educationists want the UPSR and PMR public examinations retained, an Education Ministry dialogue was told today.

Representatives from political parties like DAP and MIC and non-governmental organisations such as the Parent Action Group for Education Malaysia (PAGE) and the United Chinese School Committees Association of Malaysia (Dong Zong) said that today’s meeting of about 40 representatives saw a chorus of reservation against abolishing the two public examinations.

“Majority do not agree to abolish both,” said Dong Zong representative Dr Lai Hoi Chaw today.

“Majority also thought this exam system has to be modified,” he added, (UPDATE) saying that creative content should be increased in the examination system.

Lai, the deputy director of the Malaysian Independent Chinese Secondary School Unified Examination Committee under Dong Zong, said that Dong Zong rejected the UPSR move until the government proposed a detailed alternative student assessment system.

“We do not agree to abolish UPSR immediately until we know more about the alternative formula,” Lai said, adding that the group would also decide on the matter of PMR when an alternative assessment system was proposed.

Lai also demanded for the school-based assessment proposal by Malaysia Examination Board director Datuk Dr Salbiah Ismail at the discussion today to be made public.

Salbiah’s proposal included creating an internal school assessment system and a guided methodology on how to conduct assessments up to the Form 5 SPM level, as well as implementing “psychometric tests” on students’ emotions and character, said DAP national publicity secretary Tony Pua.

Pua said Salbiah’s proposal showed that the Education Ministry seemed to have decided to scrap the two public examinations even before talks were completed.

Education Director-General Tan Sri Alimuddin Mohd Dom said last week that a report on the roundtable discussions would be submitted to the Education Minister by the end of August.

The ministry’s first official roundtable discussion took place on July 19, and was attended by over 120 educators, district education officers and teachers’ unions representatives.

The National Union of the Teaching Profession (NUTP), the Sarawak Teachers’ Union, the West Malaysia Malay Teachers’ Union, and education academics reportedly favoured replacing the two public examinations with school-based assessments.

However, PAGE chairman Datin Noor Azimah Abdul Rahim said that her organisation favoured retaining the two public examinations because a school-based assessment system was open to abuse.

“If we were to rely on school-based assessment, it is subject to manipulation, leaks, favouritism. A national assessment is independent,” said Azimah.

“Most (in the discussion) were in favour of keeping both (examinations), but with the adjustments of making it better,” added Azimah, pointing out that the focus of the current examination system on rote should be replaced with more open-ended questions.

Academic Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Dr Abdul Rahman Arshad also called for the rigid examination system to be revised instead of abolishing UPSR and PMR.

“We must change the nature of the exam. You don’t demolish everything,” said the University-College Sedaya International chancellor.

“A good number are for adjustments to be made,” added Abdul Rahman.

MIC representative Tan Sri Professor T. Marimuthu said that his party was against scrapping the UPSR and PMR examinations, citing concerns of a school-based assessment system that is open to abuse.

“We are concerned about teacher load and teacher bias in a school-based assessment,” said the MIC education committee chairman.

Marimuthu added that the MIC wanted UPSR especially to be retained and for the government to address the pressure faced by UPSR students.

“Any change must be based on informed research. I am not sure what research has been done on this,” said Marimuthu, adding that majority in the discussion wanted to retain the two public examinations.

The DAP is also against scrapping the UPSR and PMR examinations and claimed yesterday that students performed better when subjected to public examinations as shown by international research.

“If the government is insistent in proceeding, as it appears to be, to scrap the exams, do a pilot project first,” said Pua, adding that the government should compare those who took public examinations and those who did not after several years.

“The consequence of scrapping exams for the whole country at one go is a highly risky move. We call for the (Education) Ministry not to repeat the mistake of PPSMI,” said Pua, pointing out that Putrajaya had proceeded with implementing the policy of teaching science and mathematics in English despite public reservation but was forced to abolish it a few years later.


DAP says public exams result in better students
UPDATED @ 06:20:03 PM 26-07-2010
By Boo Su-Lyn
July 26, 2010

PETALING JAYA, July 26 — The DAP claimed today that students performed better when subjected to public examinations, and urged authorities to retain the UPSR and PMR.

DAP national publicity secretary Tony Pua said that most of the international studies investigating the effect of public examinations on students’ achievements concluded they had a positive impact.

“Most of the studies surprisingly stated that centralised exams have a positive outcome on student achievements,” Pua told reporters today.

“Studies which provide contrary conclusions are very few. The few we found say that an excessive amount of stress is bad, but a moderate amount will improve performance,” added Pua.

“It is the nature of examinations and teaching methods which will determine the quality of student achievements and not the fact as to whether examinations are abolished,” said Pua, reiterating DAP’s stand.

“Students in countries with central exit-exam systems perform 35 to 47 per cent… in test scores better in their middle-school years in both mathematics and science than students in countries without central exams,” added Pua, quoting a 2002 Harvard University study that sampled 450,000 students in 40 nations including Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan.

Another study showed that the elimination of the Swedish exit examination system in the 1970s apparently caused a drop in the number of upper secondary school students taking rigorous courses in mathematics and science.

The Petaling Jaya Utara MP pointed out that this would not bode well with Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s aim of creating a highly-skilled workforce to achieve his vision of a high-income nation.

A Cornell University study in 1999 showed that students in countries with national exit examinations outperformed those from other countries in science, mathematics, reading and geography while accounting for national economic development levels.

Pua also criticised the Form Five SPM examination for its focus on rote and said that abolishing the UPSR and PMR examinations alone would not improve the quality of students.

“Even if the UPSR and PMR is abolished, the nature of the Form Five SPM examination as well as the teaching methods and quality remains unchanged, then the student output from our education system will remain little changed from what it is today,” said Pua.

The Education Ministry conducted a roundtable discussion last week which was attended by over 120 educators, district education officers and teachers’ unions representatives.

Education director-general Tan Sri Alimuddin Mohd Dom has said that a report on the roundtable discussions would be submitted to the Education Minister by the end of August.

Most parties like the National Union of the Teaching Profession (NUTP), the Sarawak Teachers’ Union, the West Malaysia Malay Teachers’ Union, and education academics are generally in favour of replacing the two public examinations with school-based assessments.

However, Pua dismissed the proposal for school-based assessments to replace the rigid public examinations, saying “if teachers are asking for the same type of questions in public exams, students will still be memorising.”

“Malaysian exams tend to be more facts-based. When you have MCQs (multiple-choice questions), it requires memorising,” said Pua, adding that the SPM has 40 MCQs compared to its counterpart O-levels examination which only pose five subjective questions.

Pua also pointed out that the Moral Education paper required students to memorise 36 moral values word for word, where students would be marked wrong if they missed out even one word.

Pua urged the Education Ministry to undertake a pilot project measuring the university entry scores and the types of subjects chosen by students who took public examinations and those who did not before making the “hasty and drastic” decision of scrapping UPSR and PMR.

The Petaling Jaya Utara MP pointed out that abolishing the two public examinations may cause the performance of students from low-income groups to drop due to a lack of uniform achievement standards.


The true 1 Malaysia? — The Malaysian Insider
July 25, 2010

The spat between Lim Guan Eng and the civil service has now grown into a full-blown quarrel with Putrajaya, reflecting the frosty nature of ties between Barisan Nasional (BN) and Pakatan Rakyat (PR).

Not only has the Penang chief minister immortalised a federal officer by saying “little Napoleon now has a face” this week, but he has shown the cosy nexus between BN and the civil service.

Of course, an exclusive relationship of over 52 years will certainly lead to comfortable ties. After all, some civil servants have gone on to be MPs and one — Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi — even became prime minister.

Lim’s riposte to a federal officer’s rant has apparently underlined the constant call for Malay unity by Umno politicians and their supporters. They point to Lim’s outbursts as that of a dictator whose continued hold on power will destroy Malay dominance in Malaysia.

This really has nothing to do with Malay unity but everything to do with Umno and its supporters of state-sponsored racism and bigotry balking at a non-Malay leader who dared challenge their monopoly to speak freely.

The home ministry has freely allowed some newspapers to continue their racially-tinged attacks while putting restrictions on party organs, especially the Malay-language papers which might offer alternative views to that from Umno-owned publications.

Then again, Lim is not the only one being singled out. Most PR politicians are being painted as either reluctant to work on Malay unity or having betrayed the race by working with non-Malays.

Fact is, Umno leaders work with non-Malays. They have since before Merdeka in 1957.

Fact is, Umno Youth leader Khairy Jamaluddin and MCA Youth chief Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong have worked together on many issues, even rebutting attacks by Perkasa chief Datuk Ibrahim Ali.

The point is that Malaysians of any race and religion should speak up to correct wrongdoings and injustice in Malaysian society. It isn’t just the job of BN leaders.

So, we definitely cannot leave it to Umno and its supporters to champion a better Malaysia. Not by speaking of 1 Malaysia and yet saying Malay unity is essential for political dominance.

Over the years, Umno has produced and nurtured this system which reeks of excess, divisiveness and corruption. Where little Napoleons ride roughshod over the rightful masters of this country — Malaysians.

It begs the question of which is the true 1 Malaysia. Is it that of all Malaysians, united no matter the government of the day?

Or just a Malaysia loyal to one dominant group?


Najib hilang kawalan ke atas Umno

by “Zulkifli Sulong, a veteran journalist who writes an exclusive weekly column with The Malaysian Insider apart from editing the Bahasa Malaysia weekly Siasah”.
September 02, 2009

Apakah Datuk Seri Najib Razak mengawal penuh Umno kini? Nampaknya ramai yang tidak bersetuju dengannya. Kawalan beliau hanya sama sebagaimana Tun Abdullah Badawi mengawal Umno sebelum ini sahaja.

Persoalan ini menjadi topik yang hangat sejak kebelakangan ini apabila Najib memperkenalkan konsep 1 Malaysia, rakyat didahulukan, pencapaian diutamakan.

Berdasarkan konsep ini, kelihatan Najib mahu menyatukan rakyat pelbagai bangsa dan agama di negara ini di bawah banner satu Malaysia.

Maknanya, usaha hendaklah dibuat oleh semua pihak khasnya Umno sendiri untuk menyatukan rakyat pelbagai kaum dan agama di Malaysia ini.

Jelas sekali, apa yang diusahakan oleh Najib adalah sebagai satu usaha beliau untuk menarik kembali sokongan orang bukan Melayu, Cina dan India, yang lari dari Barisan Nasional dalam pilihan raya umum 2008 lalu.

Ini kerana dalam pilihan raya umum lalu, lebih 70 peratus pengundi Cina dan India dikatakan lari kepada Pakatan Rakyat.
Ini menyebabkan pemimpin MCA, MIC dan Gerakan kalah di kubu masing-masing.

Para pemimpin Umno yang bertanding di kawasan yang ramai pengundi Cina dan India juga kalah.

Pendekatan Najib ini samalah dengan pendekatan yang diambil oleh Tun Abdullah ketika Umno kalah teruk dalam pilihan raya 1999 lalu. Oleh kerana ketika itu orang Melayu yang lari dari Umno, maka pendekatan yang diambil adalah pendekatan Islam iaitu untuk menarik kembali pengundi Melayu. Maka lahirlah konsep Islam Hadhari.

Abdullah berjaya tetapi hanya sekali sahaja iaitu dalam pilihan raya 2004. Selepas itu, BN kalah teruk dalam pilihan raya 2008 apabila masing-masing mula sedar konsep Islam Hadhari itu. Ia hanya pendekatan reaktif Umno untuk membeli kembali undi Melayu.

Sebagaimana 1 Malaysia sekarang, Islam Hadhari juga mendapat sokongan berbelah bahagi dalam Umno sendiri. Yang menariknya, sebagaimana sekarang, timbalan Abdullah ketika itu, iaitu Najib yang kelihatan tidak berapa menyokong konsep itu.

Mentor Najib, Tun Dr Mahathir menyifatkan Islam Hadhari satu ajaran baru yang mengelirukan.

Sebagaimana Abdullah mempunyai seorang anak muda di belakang segala programnya iaitu Khairy Jamaludin, Najib juga ada. Pemuda itu adalah Omar Mustafa Ong. Omar adalah arkitek di belakang 1 Malaysia Najib. Keyakinan kepada Omar menyebabkan Najib sanggup berdepan dengan mentornya Tun Dr Mahathir dalam isu perlantikan Omar ke Lembaga Pengarah Petronas.

Sebagaimana yang Abdullah hadapi, itulah juga yang dihadapi oleh Najib kini. Akhbar rasmi Umno sendiri, Utusan Malaysia dan timbalan beliau, Tan Sri Muhyidin Yassin dilihat tidak bersama dengan konsep 1 Malaysia Najib.

Sebuah laman web melaporkan, Presiden Gerakan, Datuk Seri Dr Koh Tsuu Koon pernah bertanya dalam mesyuarat Kabinet tentang cara akhbar Umno itu membuat laporan.

Muhyidin dilaporkan telah mempertahankan pendekatan akhbar itu dengan berkata, itu yang diperlukan oleh BN. Kuat sokongan Melayu kepada Umno, kuatlah BN.

Pendekatan kedua-dua mereka ini jelas menjadi ikutan di peringkat bawahan Umno. Di Shah Alam, sekumpulan NGO yang mempunyai kaitan rapat dengan Umno sanggup berarak dengan kepala lembu berdarah ke bangunan SUK Selangor. Ia jelas sekali satu provokasi dan penghinaan kepada penganut agama Hindu.

Walaupun Datuk Ibrahim Ali, salah seorang tokoh utama pendekatan perkauman Umno ini, cuba memutar belitkan fakta dengan berkata ‘kepala lembu adalah lambang PAS dicucuk hidung oleh DAP’ namun Ketua Pemuda Umno, Khairy Jamaludin sendiri tidak bersetuju dengan tafsiran Ibrahim itu.

Khairy melalui Twitternya berkata, “Ibrahim Ali said checks by his org showed that the cow’s head not aimed at Hindus but at MB& non-Hindu Excos. — Must think Msians stupid.”

(Kata Ibrahim Ali, semakan oleh orang-orangnya mendapati, kepala lembu itu bukan ditujukan kepada Hindu tetapi MB dan Exco bukan-Hindu — mesti dia fikir orang Malaysia bodoh).

Persoalan yang tinggal kini adalah sejauh manakah 1 Malaysia boleh bertahan? Apakah ia mampu menghasilkan megic sebagaimana Islam Hadhari yang membawa kemenangan besar kepada BN 2004 lalu?

Nampaknya, dengan penentangan dan pendekatan dua nakhoda dalam Umno sekarang, 1 Malaysia tidak akan membawa Umno ke mana-mana. Silap-silap hanya ke longkang waktu sahaja. Bahkan ada yang meramalkan, tempoh pentadbiran Najib sebagai PM tidak akan melebihi tempoh Abdullah Badawi.



31 responses

30 07 2010
Semerah Padi


Pandangan peribadi saya adalah, jangan campur-aduk ajaran agama (agama sekalipun) di tadika-tadika, sekolah-sekolah ataupun institusi-instusi pendidikan. Setiap orang, cubalah tanya diri sendiri, “Apakah aku sudah mahir dan tahu segala segi tentang agama yang aku anuti? Aman kah jiwa aku kalau aku tahu yang aku akan mati sekejap lagi?”

Di institusi pengajian, cukuplah sekadar mengetahui sejarah tokoh-tokoh agama dan perkara-perkara pokok sesuatu agama itu. Jangan sampai ianya ke tahap “preaching”. Serahkan “preaching” ini kepada yang masjid-masjid, gereja, kuil dsb. Jadi jangan sampai ada kelab-kelab agama ataupun persatuan-persatuan agama di dalam sesebuah institusi pendidikan itu. Agama apa sekalipun. Kajian lanjut mengenai sesuatu agama itu hanyalah utk menafaat sendiri, bukannya utk “memaksakan” penyebaran agama di dalam sesebuah institusi pendidikan.

Bagi seseorang itu, pada waktu semasa tertentu, tiada agama lain yang lebih benar dari agama yang dia anuti pada waktu dan ketika itu, biarpun “agama” itu “atheist”. Ini soal dia dan Tuhannya, walaupun Tuhan dia Tuhan yang tiada.

Ini hanyalah pendapat peribadi saya.

“Ini soal dia dan Tuhannya”

31 07 2010
SSS Admin

Semerah Padi,

Bahawa agama Islam telah dinyatakan sebagai agama resmi sepatutnya sudah mencukupi bagi menghentikan kebenaran mengadakan persatuan-persatuan agama disekolah sekolah. Walau bagaimana pun, kami belom menyelidekki apa rasionale yang digunakan bagi membenarkannya sebelom tahun 2,000. Rasanya cukup dengan Timbalan Perdana Menteri / Menteri Pelajaran menyatakan bahawa persatuan-persatuan yang telah dibenarkan sebelom tahun 2,000 boleh diteruskan, yang lain tidak boleh, sebab kebenaran baginya telah dihentikan.

Kami setuju bahawa tidak boleh dibenarkan “preaching” atau dakwah agama disekolah-sekolah. Sebenarnya, dakwah secara rancangan menambahkan penganut bagi mana mana agama tidak harus dibuat dimana mana pun. Ini akan menggugat kestabilan diantara berbagai kaum dan penganut agama dinegara ini. Kita berbilang kaum dan kaum melibatkan perasaan perkauman yang kuat dimasa masanya. Agama juga melibatkan perasaan yang kadangkala mirip ke”fanaticism”. Kedua dua ini bleh memecah belahkan negara. Oleh itu, elokkah dikurangkan unsur-unsur yang mungkin mendatangkan polarisasi kaum dan agama itu.

Kita sudah lihat bagaimana isu penggunaan kalimah Allah menyebabkan ketegangan diantara penganut agama Islam dan Kristian. Aktiviti dakwah secara teratur dan beracara sedia ada dikalangan penganut Kristian. Sejarah Crusades diEropah dan Timur Tengah meliputi beratus tahun. DiMalaya/ Malaysia dakwah oleh “Christian missionaries” bermula sejak kemasukan British beratus tahun dahulu. Lihat sahaja berapa buah sekolah yang dikenali sebagai “missionary schools” dan menggunakan nama Kristian, saperti Methodist English school, Convent Bukit Nanas, Sekolah Menengah St Paul dan sebagainya. Selepas Merdeka, pergerakan dakwah “Christian missions” telah dikurangkkan dan “Missionary Priests, Sisters and Nuns” pindah keSabah dan Sarawak, meneruskan “conversions” penduduk-penduduk tempatan kapada agama Kristian. Ia telah menukar “status quo” dari segi jumlah penganut agama. Akhirnya pas lawatan atau kebenaran mereka tinggal diMalaya/ Malaysia telah ditamatkan dan pendakwah asing telah tidak dibenarkan lagi diMalaysia.

Selaras dengan sejarah penghentian dakwah sejak Malaya Merdeka, wajarlah persatuan-persatuan agama disekolah sekolah dihentikan. Menteri Pelajaran harus dipuji membenarkan persatuan-persatuan yang telah ada sebelom tahun 2,000 berterusan. Dia peka kapada dan mengikut undang-undang. Napoleons yang mengkritik berkaitan dengan ini harus menerima keadaan.

30 07 2010


Please tell everybody that those who accuse others of being Little Napoleons and Big Napoleons may be worse Napoleons themselves. The kind who want to bulldoze their way in getting what they want all the time. The kind with dictatorial tendencies like the real Napoleon Bonaparte.

Dato Najib talked about Little Napoleons in the context of innovation and economic progress. Maybe changes in formulating policies and regulations concerning the New Economic Model. What has the bloody circular to schools on religious societies got to do with innovation? Ridiculous fellows!

Tan Sri Muhyiddin already said those societies formed before the circular can carry on. What else do they want? Innovate and change everything as you like? Like what Mao Zedong did in communist China during the so-called Cultural Revolution? That brought nation-wide havoc and resulted in some 30 million deaths? Change here, change there, burn the history books, ridicule the lecturers and professors, humiliate even your parents in the name of change and innovation? Like happened in China in the 1960s-70s? Anarchistic, no law and order, nation-wide suffering for many years? Crazy fellows.

31 07 2010
SSS Admin


Napoleon Bonaparte was indeed a dictator. France had a revolution early in modern history – in the 18th Century – and pioneered the rule of democracy. Yet, with military power and unbridled ambition, Napoleon managed to become Emperor, and Emperors of old had absolute power, though there was some restraint during his time. In the process, the country was embroiled in endless wars and military campaigns, the French people hardly had uninterrupted peace for any significant length of time during his rule. Are those who look for Napoleons at every nook and corner in Malaysia having the same, undeclared intention?

Agreed that those who imply that the Civil Servants who lack the innovative knowledge or spirit are Little Napoleons need to ask the same of themselves. Nothing seems to be right to these people. The Government tries to increase the knowledge of civil servants by conducting seminars and overseas study visits, they call them money-wasting junkets. The BTN courses at Prime Minister’s Department they call political indoctrination. Everybody else are corrupt except them. Yet they have been accused of corruption themselves and investigations on them are being carried out. To them only what they do are correct. Whatever they find can be exploited and politicised, they jump on the opportunity and use the press to do so. They appear to be the kind to want to get into power roughing their way in like Napoleon Bonaparte did.

Let’s urge everybody to be reasonable. Napoleons exist in many places but don’t look for a communist under every bed like during the MaCarthy era in the United States or blame everybody except themselves like happened during Mao Zedong’s so-called Cultural Revolution in China.

30 07 2010

Tak usah kita pedulikan deme tu menulih Napoleon. Kita tau kita ada Hang Tuah kita disana sini.

Deme tu dah koreje deme menulih. Tak menulih tak dapat cari makan. Jadi, macam macam le diputar belit deme. Dah lama tabi’at deme begitu.

Tapi baguih le kita kasi tau deme mengarut kekadang.

1 08 2010
SSS Admin


Tujuan mereka menulis membayangkan sama ada mereka sendiri juga berpendirian seperti Napoleon. Jika mereka bermaksud mengkritik Pegawai-Pegawai Kerajaan yang masih berpegang kapada konsep Dasar Ekonomi Bahru bila mengimplementasi Model Ekonomi Bahru, mereka nampaknya jenis yang mahu DEB diketepikan. Masakan Dato Seri Najib telah menyatakan diParlimen bahawa sasaran 30% kekayaan korporat Melayu akan diteruskan dan mesti dinyatakan didalam MEB yang sedang disediakan secara muktamad. Jika mereka tidak pedulikan kepentingan orang lain tetapi mahu memajukan kepentingan mereka sendiri sahaja, maka nampaklah mereka seperti Napoleon yang bertindak penuh kepentingan diri sendirinya sehingga menjadi Maharaja Peranchis.

Begitu juga mereka yang mahukan perkara yang dilarang dilakukan. Persatuan-persatuan agama dilarang disekolah sekolah selepas tahun 2,000 diatas berapa sebab termasuk keperluan menghormatkan hal bahawa agama resmi negara ini adalah Islam. Jika mereka masih mengungkit perkara ini nampaklah mereka jenis yang mahukan apa sahaja untuk kepentingan mereka walau pun salah disisi undang-undang. Napoleon juga mengejar kepentingannya sendiri membawa negeri Peranchis keberbagai peperangan dan dengan itu menguatkan kuasanya sehingga menjadi Maharaja, tetapi disingkir dan hidup merana enam tahun hingga mati apabila ditahan diSaint Helena berikut kekalahanya diBattle of Waterloo.

30 07 2010

I don’t think there’s anything wrong with having non-Muslim societies in schools. However, the problem is that Muslims fear that more Muslims will leave Islam once they’re exposed to these other religions. If that is the case, shouldn’t Muslims practice what they preach (by showing the good side of Islam) instead of ranting at everything?

I believe that a good Muslim is one who, when given a choice between good and evil, chooses the good one. If we continuously “shield” our future generations from a supposedly “evil” influence, they will easily be swayed when this “shield” is gone, because they are ignorant about this “evil”.

It’s just an opinion. And no, I’m NOT saying that other religion is evil.

1 08 2010
SSS Admin


Perhaps the question of fear of Muslims leaving Islam as a result of non-Muslim religious societies existing in schools is secondary. The primary consideration in the decision to disallow such societies is the respect that Islam is the official religion of the country and has a place above the other religions in that context.

Christians have been known to be carrying out missionary activities as a deliberate effort to gain converts for hundreds of years. The Christian missionaries during British colonial times were equipped with various levels of preachers from laymen to priests, sisters and nuns, and built churches, convents and nunneries in various parts of Malaya. The Malays were not affected but many Chinese and Indians became converts. After Merdeka, many of their missionary personnel moved to Sabah and Sarawak and many of the natives there became converts and the foreign missionaries were later eased out.

The Christian missionary activities differed from the Muslim dakwah. The former appeared to be after converts whereas the latter was mainly educational, accepting converts only as incidental to the role of explaining interpretations of the Qur’an and the Hadith (around 1 million Hadith i.e sayings and actions and non-actions of Prophet Muhammad that also need explanations). The Christian missionary activities are a deliberate, well-financed and well-programmed effort at getting additional converts. They provide such attractions as tea parties, meals and bus fares to attend church in town, not done by the missionary activities of other religions. Nothing bad about Christianity but the preachers have an unfair advantage over the others and it tends to upset the status quo as far as numbers of followers of religions in this country are concerned. And Muslims should not compete in this regard because religious conversion should not be a competition.

Religion is a sensitive issue and is prone to be exploited or pursued with fanaticism by some followers. We need to avoid any misconstruing of intents and purposes of school religious societies. Enough already with the misconstruing of the simple prayer or do’a recited during assemblies and the like for such purposes as getting God’s blessing for oncoming or past exams – some even ridiculously accusing the schools of wanting to convert pupils to become Muslims by such 1-2 minutes simple prayer in Bahasa Malaysia etc. And recently there has been the antagonism over the use of the word Allah that is now the subject of an appeal in the courts which for the time being is legally contemptuous to discuss. Therefore, the decision to disallow religious societies in schools should be viewed from these perspectives.

30 07 2010

How silly can the Little Napoleons writer get – he says

“The Malaysia civil service system originated from the British colonial era, but we have more complaints and criticisms compared to the British colonial administration.”

Sure lah more complains now, man. We NOW have 26 million in this country. Only 1-2 million BRITISH TIME.

Also, WHO DARE TO SPEAK DURING BRITISH TIME? Even the Chinese living in the towns, better educated, also tak berani.

What he talking one?

Like that how to read the rest of what he written? WHO IS LITTLE NAPOLEON NOW?

2 08 2010
SSS Admin


Yes, they say Little Napoleons exist everywhere and the writer(s) can be Little Napoleons, too. There are those who criticise for the sake of criticising and anything goes. Those belonging to the so-called Malaysian Malaysia crowd have been observed to be looking for anything at all that they can exploit and do exploit them. Nothing seems to be right as far as they are concerned. The Federal Government, the Civil Service, the Police, MACC – anything that constitutes authority and having Malay predominance. They criticise and complaint, they demonstrate on the streets, often without permit, blame the Police when sprayed with water, accuse them of brutalities, etc. They have sometimes been referred to as the anarchistic kind.

Once they see Dato Seri Najib using the words Little Napoleons for Government Officers, they jump on it and exploit it. Hence the search for Little Napoleons everywhere. The “Malaysian Malaysia” followers belong to the opposition party and claim everything right by them, only others are wrong. Hence the hu-ha in the press concerning the State Development Officer in Penang, the relocation of the temple in Shah Alam etc. But even fellow coalition members have criticised them – one PKR ADUN and one PKR MP have alleged that one Exco member had dealings with the Underworld in the premises of the Selangor State Government. Now he is in the news because his Exco letterhead was used to write support letters for contractors bidding for tenders in the State. His colleague was earlier investigated by MACC but an important witness died and they blamed MACC even before the cause of death is known – until now.

It is very difficult to expect them to be in mainstream Malaysiana. The very slogan of Malaysian Malaysia tends to subvert the Special Position of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak. But there is a glimmer of hope for unity in the long run because some among them have proposed the slogan be changed to “Middle Malaysia”.

31 07 2010

I interested it.
thank you for sharing.
where i found it more ? 🙂

2 08 2010
SSS Admin


It’s good to know that you are interested in the views expressed in this website. We are a group of concerned citizens interested in the creation of a united and cohesive bangsa Malaysia, lasting peace and unity in this country.

Everybody is welcomed to express their views whatever they may be so long as they are said with decorum. Do follow us with the many views expressed here. You are welcomed to participate by commenting in either English or the Malay language, or by just reading what is published.

31 07 2010
Yenny Indra's Blog


I found your entry interesting thus I’ve added a Trackback to it on my weblog :)…

2 08 2010
SSS Admin

Yenny Indra,

You are welcomed to link us on your website. That you find the views expressed here interesting rather encourages us to (re)produce as many articles and as frequently as possible and publish all the views expressed as comments in this site.

You are welcomed to participate either by saying anything you like on the articles or on the views published or merely read them for your knowledge. We look forward to your continued patronage.

1 08 2010

This Tay Tian Yan fler sounds daft, doesn’t he?

He says, “They cannot shut down the existing non-Muslim societies” when the Minister has said those formed before the Circular can be allowed to continue, meaning the fate of others formed after that date has to be determined.

It’d “be okay not to allow the formation of new non-Muslim societies as it is the power of the state education director for not approving the applications.” It means approving applications for forming new ones as well as approving the continuation of those formed after 2000. A policy has been made by the Minister and the State Education Director implements it, applying his discretion in the process. Why look for Little Napoleons and Big Napoleons? Trying to raise issues, isn’t he?

2 08 2010
SSS Admin


The Minister has clearly stated that those non-Muslim societies formed before the Circular was issued in 2,000 can continue. Approval of those formed after that is at the discretion of the State Education Director. There must be cogent reasons for the decision, the most important one being that Islam is the official religion of the country and a proliferation of non-Muslim societies in schools would appear to dilute respect for that position of Islam.

There is not much point in looking for the Little Napoleon responsible for issuing of the Circular or, for that matter, those who had allowed the formation of such societies in schools prior to the discovery of their existence leading to the issue of the Circular. Those responsible for any improper act or omission in this matter must have been dealt with. The fact remains that the Minister’s decision to allow those formed before the Circular was issued is laudable as it shows respect for the law.

Discretion must be very prudently applied on the approving of those societies formed after the Circular because religion is a sensitive matter in this country of many religious beliefs. This can clearly be seen from the case of the use of the word Allah by Christians which recently reached the courts and an appeal is still pending. It has brought recriminations, even criminal acts against churches in the country.

1 08 2010
wak ngari

To exile trouble mongers of our land to a small island 2000 miles off shore like what the British did to Nepoleon is too kind.

And to deport them to a big island is like sending then to heaven. Australia becomes a heaven to convicts.

Everybody is at a loss as to what to do with these trouble makers. Is it a symptom of the disease that the weak is “ruling” over the the ……?

2 08 2010
SSS Admin

wak ngari,

Trouble makers there always will be every where in the world and Malaysia is certainly not spared from their presence. That is why in this country there are such things as the Internal Security Act and the Sedition Act. Still, they’ll be searching for the Little and Big Napoleons in the application and enforcement of such tools to control the trouble makers. During the period of communist insurgency, people could be hauled in under the ISA for rumour mongering if the rumours were deemed to be prejudicial to national security. Now the ISA (incidently, the US detention without trial at Guantanamo Bay is also like the ISA) is hardly used though criticisms on it continue. Trouble and rumour mongers and the attempt to manufacture Little and Big Napoleons here and there can sometimes be tiring to read.

With increasing racial polarisation and the erosion of the moral fabric of our society in terms of respect for the Constitution and the other laws of our country, there is certainly a need for a bold and assertive leadership that can reduce the spate of unbridled criticisms bordering on sedition, even questioning the Special Position of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak, wanton acts of accusations and counter-accusations, racist acts and omissions. There must be a reasonable balance between freedom of expression and the need for accountability and responsibility, between vote-getting and responsible leadership. The interest of the majority must be given preference over the interest of the minority while at the same time the interest of the minority should not be ignored. Getting that proper balance is the hallmark of good leadership.

1 08 2010

Why Dong Zong much want the UPSR and PMR?

I agree “If we were to rely on school-based assessment, it is subject to manipulation, leaks, favouritism. A national assessment is independent …… Most (in the discussion) were in favour of keeping both (examinations), but with the adjustments of making it better,”

People also much want current examination system based on rote replace with “more open-ended questions”. Dong Zong schools much rote system isn’t it?

2 08 2010
SSS Admin


The Dong Zong cherish the Chinese schools’ rote system of learning, repetitive work, school work exercises and plenty of homework. It follows that they want UPSR and PMR examinations retained so as to keep the children work hard and be on their toes continuously. They believe that pupils performed better when subjected to public examinations.

It is said that most of the studies done on the effect of public examinations on students’ achievements concluded they had a positive impact. In countries with central exit-exam systems, pupils perform 35 to 47 per cent better in their middle-school years in both mathematics and science than those in countries without central exams.

But other studies say that an excessive amount of work and stress is bad and a moderate amount will improve performance. In Sweden where the exit examination system was abolished in the 1970s, there was a drop in the number of upper secondary school students taking rigorous courses in mathematics and science.

1 08 2010


Searching for Napoleon even in 1Malaysia, ha?

Omar Ong is the architect of Najib’s 1 Malaysia, the Malay writer said. Opposition by “dua nakhoda dalam Umno sekarang”, 1 Malaysia will not get anywhere, only to the “longkang masa”. Najib has lost control over UMNO, his heading says.

Very big words, very strong assertions. Wonder what political school he went to. What analytical training he has. No wonder he works with Malaysian Insider.

3 08 2010
SSS Admin


His appears to be an extremely rare view. In fact, this is the first time we hear Omar Ong being the architect of 1Malaysia. Wonder who is his source or what is the basis of his claim. Yet he is said to be a journalist by profession. Good journalists are thorough with their sources, the reliability of their information. Good political analysts provide cogent reasons for the opinions they express. Especially when such views are against the tide of public opinion.

The fact that the two UMNO leaders he referred to do not frequently speak about 1Malaysia does not necessarily mean they are against the concept. Even if they disagree, it is no proof that Dato Seri Najib has lost control over UMNO. But then Malaysian Insider likes to publish this kind of people. The kind they say provide “breaking views”. They get read and we try to provide the contra views when what they say appear not to be the truth or misleading.

2 08 2010

salam.. nak kata apa bila nasi dah jadi bubur? mereka mahu segalanya walaupun x de etika.. klu dah beru muka sgt gini le jadinya.. depa mmg x mahu berbaik2. silap kita yg lepaskn anjing tersepit.. kalau xsuka negara ini yg xserbax kena.. pergilah! 100 lbh yg dapatkp biru baru2 ni di sblah utara, amat berterima kasih tp generasi hdpan mereka? mahukah kenang? lihat bagaimana mereka sngaja x taat (perkara plembagaan dpersoal) tp masih mahu jadi warga! napa nak di sini? tanah besar tu luas! pergi lee.

3 08 2010
SSS Admin


Salam. Benar bahawa generasi lama pada umumnya tahu berterima kasih tetapi generasi muda bermacam macam helahnya. Satu sebab besar ialah pengaruh apa yang digelar “Malaysian Malaysia”, direka oleh pengkhianat Lee Kuan Yew dimasa Singapore dalam Malaysia 1963-65. Tiga tahun didalam Malaysia besar bencana dibuatnya. Dia berharapkan peluang menjadi Perdana Menteri Malaysia, dilihatnya tidak ada peluang selagi ada apa yang dipanggil Ketuanan Melayu dan Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu. Maka direkanya acara melemahkan Ketuanan Melayu dan mengikis Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu. Konsep “Malaysian Malaysia”nya mahukan hak sama rata. Sekarang dipikul oleh saki baki penganut-penganutnya dan muda mudi yang diindoktrinasi atau dipengaruhi mereka.

Pada hal kesama rataan diMalaysia ini mesti mengambil kira Perkara 153 Perlembagaan berkenaan Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu itu. Sebenarnya konsep “Malaysian Malaysia” itu subversif kapada Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu, perkara yang menjadi balasan bagi bukan Melayu mendapat kerakyatan diMalaya / Malaysia. Penganut-penganut muda konsep tersebut tidak tahu berterima kasih kerana tidak diajar sejarah penyediaan Perlembagaan dinegara ini. Itu sebab kami diKempen SSS mahukan sejarah seperti itu diwajibkan disekolah sekolah. Pemerintahan “flip flopping, auto-piloting and sleepy” yang lalu membiarkan mereka mengungkit Dasar Ekonomi Bahru yang ditimbulkan dari Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu. Bertahun-tahun dibiarkkan sehingga mereka berleluasa. Pemerintahan sekarang pun mirip kapada membiarkannya sehingga keluar Perkasa, Gertak, Melayu Bangkit dan lebih 100 NGO Melayu menyuarakan tidak puas hati.

Nampaknya belom begitu teruk keadaan orang Melayu. Diharap tidak merosot hingga timbul keadaan yang menjejas keamanan. Ramai yang mahu membela nasib Melayu saperti Perkasa dan lain lain itu. Dato Seri Najib telah mengumumkan diParlimen bahawa sasaran 30% kekayaan korporat Melayu akan diteruskan diModel Ekonomi Bahrunya. Itu pun ditohmah kononnya bermacam Napoleon telah menyebabkan Najib berbuat demikian. Generasi muda perlu sedar pentingnya keseimbangan kekayaan dan pelajaran diantara majoriti Melayu dan kaum Cina supaya harmoni berterusan dinegara ini.

2 08 2010

The Napoleons should think bigger interest of the country. When doing policies, take care economic development not blocked or delayed. Our target is be fully developed by 2020.

4 08 2010
SSS Admin


True, the bigger interest of the country must be pursued. The unity of the nation must be uppermost in the minds of all right thinking Malaysians. We are a nation of many races. Long-term inter-racial harmony is of paramount importance. We have seen the tragedy of 13 May 1969. That must be avoided at all costs.

Analysis was done on the causes of 13 May. There were immediate and long-term causes. The immediate cause was the election victory celebrations that were done in very unacceptable ways. The long-term and not visible cause was the vast disparity in the economic and educational condition of the majority Malays compared to the 23 % Chinese. The New Economic Policy was started to reduce that disparity.

An affirmative action policy that even the Manchu Emperors carried out by allocating 25% places in the Civil Service to the southern Chinese who were considered disadvantaged compared to the northern Chinese. In Malaysia the Malays have been disadvantaged by 80 years of British colonial rule which benefited the Chinese in economy and education much more than the Malays. The British wanted the Malays to continue being farmers and fishermen looking after food production in the country. They wanted the Chinese to be agents of economic development to produce rubber, tin and other goods for British factories and get tax money to send to England. The huge gap between the Malays and the Chinese must be bridged to acceptable levels to reduce the resultant dissatisfaction, envy and grudging so that a sense of togetherness and long term unity can emerge. The economic and educational interest of the other races also needs attention.

There is no real rush to a fully developed nation status. Politicians would want that because of votes. We the rakyat must ask for a proper balance between the need for speedy development and for reducing the causes of dissatisfaction, envy and grudging among us.

2 08 2010
Sherlyn Sheckler

We are presently working on project regarding my computer course, we have been starting to be trained some html coding plus fundamental web site design. I must set up a blog website, had been thinking of utilizing wordpress as the platform it looks to be typically the most popular. Your weblog generally seems to using a custom style and some extra coding did you undertake it by yourself or maybe employ a programmer? Nice over-all web design appears really easy to use! Anyways I may use your site as a benchmark, of course not duplicate it as that’s in opposition to our course protocols and also the law I believe!

4 08 2010
SSS Admin


Our website design was done by a member of our group who we believe studied IT in the US – we are a group of concerned citizens brought together by the need for unity among citizens in this country and know one another only through the web. Unfortunately the IT expert among us is not available now to provide the answers to your questions.

We are happy that you find our web design appealing. We have no problem with your using our site as a benchmark. We wish you the best in your computer course and project.

4 08 2010
SSS Admin

Dear Sherlyn

The blog uses a wordpress standard template. We added a few widgets to add to the overall look and feel. The pages is also a standard wordpress function. The only HTML codes used besides the standard template is on our FAQ page whereby we added a basic line to create page jump (you may google HTML page jumps codes for reference). The rest of the site is purely wordpress.

Good luck with your project

SSS Admin

15 09 2010
EXO point

islam agama ramah bagi semua manusia

18 09 2010
SSS Admin

EXO point,

Islam adalah agama yang perihatin, melindungi dan memberi ruang kebebasan kapada agama lain. Bila Islam sampai ke Sepanyol (Spain) diabad ke7, kaum Yahudi disana diberi perlindungan dan dibenarkan menjalankan urusan-urusan hidup seperti seperti berniaga melibatkan faedah dan laba, walau pun diharamkan bagi penganut Islam. Begitu adilnya Khalifah Islam sehingga banyak penduduk tempatan memeluk agama Islam. Islam telah merebak kesebahagian besar negara Sepanyol dibahagian barat dan kenegara negara Balkan dibahagian timur benua Eropah. Ke negeri Parsi (Persia, sekarang Iran), Afghanistan dan India (sebelom tertubuhnya Pakistan) dibahagian selatan.

Tidak ada paksa dalam Islam. Rakyat sesuatu kawasan dizaman dahulu memeluk Islam sepenuhnya apabila Raja berbuat demikian, seperti Parameswara dan rakyatnya dizaman Kesultanan Melaka. Ini kerana hormat dan ta’at setia kapada Raja. Maka rakyat Malaysia beragama lain ada ruang kebebasan mempraktikkan agama mereka. Tetapi perlu mengikuti batas. Coba menggunakan kalimah Allah bagi Tuhan mereka yang berbentuk tiga, ia itu The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit, adalah batasnya. Allah adalah ungul dan hanya satu. Masakan perkataan Tuhan sudah mencukupi bagi tujuan orang-orang Kristian. Namun demikian perkara ini sekarang ada diMahkamah Rayuan dan tidak elok dibincangkan dengan lanjut.

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