The Special Position … And Making Malaysia A better Place To Live In

29 09 2010

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Yes, the often quoted Special Position of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak. The often repeated Article 153 of the Constitution that is protected under the Sedition Act. That which was not even talked about for a long time after Merdeka but was talked quite a lot and even appeared to have been questioned during Tun Abdullah Badawi’s rule until now.

And now there’s a need to explain what it is, why it was enshrined in the Constitution of the country, why it should not be questioned, in the interest of goodwill and harmony among the various races.

Why the chauvinistic and nasty Lee Kuan Yew tried to undermine it when Singapore was in Malaysia and why he is being mischievous again by making reference to it when talking to the New York Times on 1 Sept, 2010.

Racism is on the rise in Malaysia, says a Sin Chew writer in an article published below. He quoted former Finance Minister Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah saying that, there are some people, both Bumiputeras and non-Bumiputeras, who like to incite racial sentiments among the people. We need to make Malaysia a better place to live in, says the writer. We agree with him and with Tengku Razaleigh.

Let’s talk about this in a cool, calm and collected manner. Merely explaining things and suggesting how to make this country a better place. But not in a way that appears as questioning the Special Position. Questioning it will run foul of the Sedition Law. And not good for harmonious relations and long-term unity.

Basically, under 3(e) Sedition Act 1948, it will be seditious “to promote feelings of ill will and hostility between different races or classes of the population of Malaysia”.

We may talk along the lines of the articles published in Utusan Malaysia and Sin Chew reproduced below.

One of the references for Article 153 is given here (Bahasa Malaysia) and here (English).

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Perlembagaan sudah lengkap — Rohani Ibrahim
September 23, 2010

23 SEPT — Seorang pemimpin veteran negara jiran baru-baru ini mendakwa Malaysia sebagai sebuah negara yang tidak adil serta menyisihkan kaum lain.

Menteri Mentor Singapura, Lee Kuan Yew dalam satu temu bual dengan akhbar New York Times pada 1 September lalu turut mengkritik sistem yang diamalkan di negara ini.

Sambil membayangkan Malaysia mungkin menjadi lebih baik jika tidak berpisah dengan Singapura, Kuan Yew turut mendakwa kononnya republik itu pada hari ini sudah mencapai tahap yang membanggakan dalam hubungan antara kaum.

Kenyataan Kuan Yew yang menyentuh hubungan antara kaum di negara ini umpama mempertikai hak dan keistimewaan orang Melayu seperti yang termaktub dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

Selain pemimpin asing, di dalam negara juga terdapat pihak yang membangkitkan soal hak dan kedudukan orang Melayu.

Ahli Parlimen Pembangkang, Nurul Izzah Anwar dilaporkan mempersoalkan Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan berhubung hak dan keistimewaan orang Melayu.

Sementara Mufti Perak, Tan Sri Harussani Zakaria sebelum ini pernah mendedahkan tentang usaha mewujudkan “perlembagaan baru” oleh pihak tertentu bagi menggantikan Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

Beliau yang mempunyai bukti mengenainya mendakwa, perlembagaan baru itu menyisihkan hak orang Melayu dan agama Islam yang dijamin dalam Perlembagaan yang sedia ada.

Pakar sains politik, Dr Chandra Muzaffar ketika ditemui di pejabatnya di Petaling Jaya minggu lalu menyifatkan Perlembagaan Negara bertujuan mengatasi masalah ketidaksamarataan antara pelbagai kaum.

Menurut Chandra, salah satu fakta sejarah yang sering dilupakan ialah hak kerakyatan untuk masyarakat bukan Melayu di negara ini yang diberikan oleh raja-raja Melayu dan golongan elit Umno.

“Bukan pihak British yang memberikan kerakyatan kepada kaum bukan Melayu tetapi orang Melayu. Sementara Perkara Lapan Perlembagaan Persekutuan pula menjelaskan bahawa semua warganegara mempunyai hak yang sama rata di sisi undang-undang.

“Jika anda fahami dengan betul, motif Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan adalah mengelakkan situasi tidak sama rata. Kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu (seperti yang termaktub dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan) mempunyai kaitan dengan kesamarataan.

“Ini kerana, ketika negara mencapai kemerdekaan, begitu ramai masyarakat Melayu hidup dalam kemiskinan,” jelas Chandra.

Beliau berkata demikian pada sidang akhbar mengenai penglibatan beliau sebagai salah seorang ahli panel dalam persidangan The Gathering of Great Minds yang akan diadakan pada 24 September ini.

Tambah Chandra, keadaan tidak sama rata timbul apabila pemimpin Melayu membuka pintu dengan memberikan kerakyatan segera kepada masyarakat bukan Melayu ketika negara mencapai kemerdekaan.

“Sekelip mata saja golongan bukan Melayu diberikan kerakyatan. Ini merubah peta demografi. Jadi, masyarakat Melayu sebagai tuan rumah yang membuka pintu kerakyatan negara kepada kaum bukan Melayu mahu memelihara kedudukan dan kepentingan mereka terutamanya dari segi pendidikan, pekerjaan dan pemilikan harta.

“Ini bagi memastikan orang Melayu tidak kehilangan atau kerugian apabila bersikap pemurah dengan pemberian kerakyatan berkenaan. Terma warganegara yang diberikan di Malaysia juga agak luar biasa,” jelas beliau yang juga Presiden Pergerakan Keadilan Sedunia (Just).

Dalam memahami realiti ini, menurut Chandra, perlu ada proses penerimaan oleh masyarakat dan pemimpin Melayu sebagai pihak yang membuka pintu kerakyatan dan proses menyesuaikan diri oleh pihak yang diberikan kerakyatan.

“Di negara lain seperti Perancis, Jerman atau Kanada, syarat dikenakan untuk menjadi warganegara.”

Namun di Malaysia, syarat-syarat sedemikian diketepikan. Oleh itu, kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan bertujuan memastikan orang Melayu sebagai golongan yang memberikan kerakyatan kekal sama rata dengan golongan lain.

“Beberapa aspek hak dan kedudukan istimewa tersebut perlulah dikaji semula dari semasa ke semasa mengikut perubahan masa. Bekas Perdana Menteri, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad pernah mengubah kuota etnik bagi pengambilan pelajar universiti dan hanya mengekalkannya untuk fakulti tertentu sahaja,” katanya.

Datuk Seri Najib Razak, kata Chandra, membuat satu lagi perubahan dengan mengumumkan dasar liberalisasi dalam 27 sub-sektor perkhidmatan dan sektor kewangan.

“Jadi, Perkara 153 bukanlah satu klausa yang bertujuan memberikan kelebihan kepada satu komuniti atau menjadikan mana-mana kaum lebih dominan.

“Perlembagaan negara lain yang agak mirip kepada Perlembagaan Persekutuan ialah Perlembagaan India yang memberikan hak yang sama rata kepada semua warganegara.

“Perlembagaan tersebut bagaimanapun memberikan peruntukan khas kepada kasta-kasta yang disenaraikan,” jelasnya.

Chandra menambah, Perlembagaan Persekutuan merupakan satu perlembagaan yang lengkap dan menyeluruh kerana ia mengutamakan keseimbangan.

“Ia merujuk kepada Bahasa Kebangsaan dan lain-lain bahasa, agama rasmi dan agama-agama lain serta kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dan kepentingan kaum lain.

“Pada pandangan saya, perlu dipastikan kita tidak lari daripada kerangka Perlembagaan tersebut dalam memelihara keseimbangan antara kaum.

“Jika kita mengetepikan Perlembagaan ini dan cuba mencari panduan lain, saya rasa kita bakal berhadapan dengan masalah besar. Satu-satunya, panduan yang perlu dijadikan rujukan ialah Perlembagaan Persekutuan,” katanya. — Utusan Malaysia

* This is the personal opinion of the writer or publication. The Malaysian Insider does not endorse the view unless specified.

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/breakingviews/article/perlembagaan-sudah-lengkap-rohani-ibrahim/

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MBE kesinambungan DEB — Rohaimi Shafie
September 18, 2010

18 SEPT — Situasi semasa ekonomi Malaysia yang semakin positif memberi petanda baik bahawa ekonomi Malaysia berada di landasan yang betul. Dengan pelbagai petunjuk yang memberangsangkan sejak kerajaan memperkenalkan dasar-dasar baru setahun yang lalu, tidak mustahil negara boleh mencapai Wawasan 2020 pada tarikh yang ditetapkan.

Olahan dasar-dasar ekonomi yang mengikut arus semasa dengan tidak meminggirkan mana-mana pihak merupakan satu perkara yang cukup dinanti-nantikan oleh rakyat. Meskipun pada awal pengenalan Model Baru Ekonomi (MBE), ada pihak berasa khuatir yang mana pelaksanaan MBE akan menyebabkan golongan yang terkebelakang semakin jauh terkebelakang. Yang menariknya, golongan ini merupakan penduduk majoriti dan pribumi negara ini. Kekhuatiran ini meresahkan mereka.

Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB) yang dahulunya dilaksanakan selama 20 tahun masih tidak cukup untuk memajukan mereka. Tidak perlulah ditunjukkan segala angka-angka yang acap kali dikeluarkan oleh mana-mana pihak untuk membuktikan kebenaran kata-kata mereka.

Bahkan warga asing yang pertama kali tiba di bumi bertuah ini juga akan segera memberi jawapan yang sama sebagaimana yang dibuktikan oleh angka-angka tersebut apabila melihat suasana ekonomi di sekelilingnya.

Tidakkah ini mencerminkan tempoh masa DEB masih belum cukup untuk menjadikan ekonomi Malaysia lebih seimbang untuk semua rakyat?

Kita janganlah sekadar melihat penduduk di bandar-bandar besar yang menikmati kemewahan, maka berhujahlah di sana sini bahawa sudah sampai masanya kita menggunakan dasar merit secara total. Tidakkah kita lupa atau sengaja lupa bahawa masih ramai yang hidup di bawah garis kemiskinan di bandar-bandar besar.

Ini belum diambil kira kehidupan penduduk luar bandar. Pergilah selalu menjenguk penduduk luar bandar dan renungkanlah kembali adakah wajar dasar merit secara total dilaksanakan segera, kononnya demi untuk keadilan semua.

Justeru itu, apabila ada jaminan oleh Perdana Menteri bahawa MBE bukanlah untuk menggantikan DEB sepenuhnya, maka ia adalah satu pengumuman yang boleh melegakan banyak pihak. Dengan kata lain, MBE adalah kesinambungan DEB yang ada di antaranya masih belum mencapai sasaran.

Apabila ini berlaku, dasar baru yang tetap membantu golongan yang memerlukan bantuan wajar diteruskan. Intipati inilah yang ditekankan dalam MBE.

Dasar berorientasikan merit tetapi tetap mengambil tindakan afirmatif. Bukanlah satu dasar yang mementingkan merit seratus peratus sehingga menyebabkan jurang perbezaan ekonomi semakin melebar.

Dasar merit tetapi masih berorientasikan afirmatif akan menjadikan negara ini lebih progresif. Yang gagah boleh meneruskan usaha dan idea-idea terbaru mereka untuk merebut peluang yang terbuka luas, lebih-lebih lagi ekonomi negara kini lebih liberal.

Peluang yang terbuka luas inilah akan membentuk satu perubahan besar dan penambahbaikan secara berterusan untuk kemajuan negara. Tetapi pada masa yang sama, jangan sesekali melupakan golongan yang masih ketinggalan.

Mereka tidak boleh dipinggirkan kerana jika ini berlaku apakah akan terjadi ke atas keseimbangan ekonomi negara? Mereka mesti dibantu sehingga berjaya.

Tidak kiralah sama ada melalui bantuan pendidikan mahupun bantuan latihan untuk perniagaan, mahu tidak mahu setiap daripada mereka berhak diberikan keutamaan sebagaimana kita memberi perhatian terhadap pelabur-pelabur luar yang kaya raya.

Kejayaan bantuan ini bukanlah boleh dilihat dalam sekelip mata tetapi hasilnya akan dituai dalam tempoh jangka masa panjang. Buktinya, dasar pendidikan negara untuk membantu golongan ini melalui DEB telah mengubah nasib anak nelayan dan petani menjadi Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif (CEO) syarikat gergasi dan naib canselor universiti. Tidakkah ini akan menjadikan ekonomi kita akan lebih progresif melalui dasar-dasar yang telah dilaksanakan melalui DEB?

Dasar yang membela dan mengubah nasib rakyat agar lebih baik. Kesinambungan inilah yang mesti diterapkan dalam melaksanakan MBE bagi mencari keseimbangan ekonomi di kalangan rakyat Malaysia. Ya, sememangnya tiada dasar yang cukup sempurna. Hukum alam, sesuatu yang dicipta oleh manusia mesti ada kelemahannya. Tetapi ini tidaklah bermakna kelemahan yang ada menutupi segala kebaikan yang selama ini diperoleh.

Sepatutnya, kelemahan yang ada dijadikan pengajaran untuk masa depan yang baik. Lantaran itu, MBE yang berasaskan liberal yang progresif perlu juga diadunkan bersama-sama dengan perkongsian tulen di antara kaum.

Bantu membantu di antara satu sama lain bagi membesarkan lagi kek ekonomi, akan menghasilkan satu situasi menang-menang yang mana sebelum ini tidak pernah dicapai.

Tidakkah ini lebih baik daripada berebut di antara satu sama lain sehingga menyebabkan ketidakpuasan di kalangan pihak yang kalah? Kaedah lapuk sebeginilah yang mesti dibuang jauh-jauh kerana ia tidak mampu menjanjikan masa depan yang lebih baik untuk rakyat Malaysia. — Utusan Malaysia

* Rohaimi Shafie ialah Pensyarah Kanan Perakaunan dan Kewangan Kolej Perniagaan (COB), Universiti Utara Malaysia.

* This is the personal opinion of the writer or publication. The Malaysian Insider does not endorse the view unless specified.

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/breakingviews/article/mbe-kesinambungan-deb-rohaimi-shafie/

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Making Malaysia a better place to live in
Racism on the rise Opinion 2010-09-28 14:54

By LIM MUN FAH
Translated by SOONG PHUI JEE

I believe that many people have been thinking very hard over all these days why racism keeps haunting us?

Racism is certainly destructive, with its harmful and hurtful remarks. In racism, everything is based on racial consideration. Truth and reality are covered up and blurred, and everything is coloured-centred.

There are always people who maliciously stir up troubles and make irresponsible and insensitive comments, labelling a person of another race a penumpang (passenger) and asking him or her to leave the country. When you just ask for your respect and rights, they say that you have no gratitude, do not understand the social contract and forget about who you are.

Undeniable, regardless whether it is 1Malaysia or Malaysia for Malaysians, you can never get rid of your racial origin and identity. Our nation comprises peoples of various races, languages, faiths and cultures.

Isn’t our nation a multi-racial, multi-cultural and multi-religious country? Isn’t it beautiful, charming and unique because of its diversity?

Why are we allowing the narrow racial attitude and actions destroy our charming land and turn it into an unhappy place to live and work?

In view of such a hapless scenario, many people are very worried, confused and sad.

Former Finance Minister Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah has said that, there are some people, both Bumiputeras or non-Bumiputeras, who like to incite racial sentiments among the people.

Obviously, the observation is true. That is why we should be on guard against those who play with the racial fire to achieve their political agenda, using the divide-and-rule scheme.

Southern College researcher Chin Chong Foh has said that the races in Malaysia live in an environment of fear and suspicion. The feeling of being threatened is derived from the divide-and-rule policy.

There is, hence, a lack of confidence and understanding among the people, isolating each race from other races. Such a siege mentality leads to two extreme reactions, viz to assert and affirm oneself through competition with others, and to elevate oneself by belittling and stepping on others. In our society, such a phenomenon is indeed very common.

We must make sincere and serious efforts to eliminate the difficulties and obstacles in our pursuit of a more tolerant and understanding society. We must never give up in this struggle to make Malaysia a better place to live and work for all the peoples of the various races.

Sin Chew Daily

MySinchew 2010-09-28

http://www.mysinchew.com/node/45586


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29 responses

29 09 2010
Sayong

Apa lagi nak dibincang bincangkan, Tuan. Kasi tahu deme saje kalau nak selesa hidup dinegara ini, hormatkan le Perlembagaan negara. Dah banyak saya baca disini disana Perkara 153 bukan ditulih dalam Perlembagaan ikut sesuke saje.

Kan deme dah dapat kerakyatan. Jangan le hasad dengki Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu, mike me wei.

1 10 2010
SSS Admin

Sayong,

Mereka mengatakan bahawa Perkara 153 itu adalah tidak adil. Ianya tidak memberi layanan sama rata. Soalnya di sini, apakah yang dimaksudkan itu sama rata?

Bagaimanakah seorang Bapa ingin berlaku kepada anak-anaknya yang seorang sedang belajar di sekolah rendah dan seorang lagi di sekolah menengah? Adakah adil atau sama rata jika diberikan wang saku RM5 seorang? Ataupun ianya lebih adil diberi RM3 kepada yang kecil dan RM7 kepada yang besar?

Dalam apa-apa jua pun kita tidak harus bersikap tamak haloba dan tidak mengenang budi. Fahamilah bagaimana asal usul taraf kerakyatan diperolehi. Tiada ada orang akan mempertikaian taraf kerakyatan ini selagi yang memegangnya benar-benar menghayati Rukun Negara dan Perlembagaan Persekutuan negara ini. Apabila ini dicabar, maka sebenarnya kita telah memberi hakkepada orang lain untukmencabar taraf kerakyatan kita.

Perkara ini patutlah difahami dengan jujur.

10 10 2010
mohamed

Tuan Admin
“Ataupun ianya lebih adil diberi RM3 kepada yang kecil dan RM7 kepada yang besar”

Bagi saya lebih baik bagi yang kecil RM 7 dan yang besar RM 3. Ini pun belum tentu yang kecil tidak ketinggalan.

mohamed

12 10 2010
SSS Admin

mohamed,

Jumlah yang patut diberi mestilah mengikut keperluan dan berdasarkan kapada adil tidaknya. Sebenarnya, sasaran 30% ekuiti Bumiputera itu masih keraguan adil tidaknya. Melayu majoriti dinegara ini, boleh mengharapakan sasaran ekuiti lebih dari 50%. Tetapi Tun A Razak yang nampak giat mempertahan dan memajukan kepentingan Melayu pun adalah realistik orangnya. Sasaran ekuiti korporat yang disebut diDasar Ekonomi Bahrunya hanya 30%. Melayu sekarang ada hanya 18% ekuiti korporat sahaja. Maka perlulah sasaran itu mula mengambil kira bidang bidang ekonomi lain seperti kekayaan hartanah, terutamanya bangunan komersial dan perumahan.

Dato Seri Najib mungkin mahukan suatu legasi bahru bagi dirinya sendiri, seperti ayahnya Tun Razak membawa legasi pembangunan luar bandar dan legasi DEB. Tetapi MEB tidak akan menjadi legasi jika tidak mengandungi unsur-unnsur DEB sepenuhnya. Dia mesti ingat bahawa Melayu yang ketinggalan jauh dibelakang dibidang ekonomi dan pelajaran akibat dasar penjajahan British. Dia mesti sedar bahawa tiada siapa boleh bersaing dengan adil dipadang yang tidak sama rata.

Melayu belom berkeupayaan bersaing secara terbuka kerana Melayu tidak ada budaya berniaga seperti Cina yang sudah beribu tahun pengalaman berniaga. Cina mempunyai kekayaan yang amat banyak, boleh mengeluarkan modal dengan senang, ada sistem bantu membantu melalui persatuan sukubangsa (clan associations) dan persatuan perniagaan (business guilds) yang juga sudah menjadi budaya mereka, menguasai atau kontrol ekonomi negara, boleh mematahkan usaha sesiapa yang mahu melawanya berniaga bila bila perlu sahaja. Dan ingatlah, bahawa berniaga dimana mana pun didunia ini, saingan biasanya sengit, sehingga tahap menikam belakang dan “anjing makan anjing”. DiAmerika sudah lama diadakan “anti-trust laws” supaya syarikat besar tidak “makan” syarikat-syarikat kecil yang bersaing dengannya, dan sebagainya.

30 09 2010
Kenn

Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan telah termaktub. Patuhi sajalah sebagaimana seorang warga negara tulin. Kalaupun ada perkara-perkara yang boleh diperbaiki lagi, lakukan dengan cara yang terhormat serta berdisiplin. Bukankah Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan itu menjadi salah satu dari Rukun Negara?

Kenapa hendak memainkan sentimen perkauman, desak mendesak secara agak “kurang ajar” lagi “biadap” itu? Kenapa tidak contohi adat resam setempat yang tidak begitu biadap dalammemperjuangkan sesuatu perkara?

Kalau kita biadap, orang lain juga akan biadap dan TELL US TO TAKE A HIKE!

1 10 2010
SSS Admin

Kenn,

Sememangnya begitulah orang-orang yang bertamaddun melaksanakan sesuatu perkara. Ada caranya, ada peraturannya supaya semua kemas dan berdisiplin dengan sebaik yang mungkin.

Kalau dengan berlakuan “kurang ajar”, orang lain pun akan berlakuan sama terhadap kita.

30 09 2010
Virdon

Why is Lee Kuan Yew loud-mouthed? What has he got to do with Malaysia? Is it not wrong for a foreign leader to talk not nice about another country? Neighbours should be good to each other la.

1 10 2010
SSS Admin

Virdon,

We may want to dismiss what he said “bad” about us. But at the same time, we should also be on the look out to learn from whatever he said, whenever there is one lesson that we can learn from.

However, we must also be on the alert as how much has his saying affected our country. Tolerance can be up to a certain point before an appropriate action is needed.

30 09 2010
Orang Muda

Hope you don’t mind, Sir. I wanna reproduce below what Politucal Science Expert Dr Chandra Muzaffar said – many us younger generation don’t realize:

Perlembagaan Negara bertujuan mengatasi masalah ketidaksamarataan antara pelbagai kaum.

Menurut Chandra, salah satu fakta sejarah yang sering dilupakan ialah hak kerakyatan untuk masyarakat bukan Melayu di negara ini yang diberikan oleh raja-raja Melayu dan golongan elit Umno.

“Bukan pihak British yang memberikan kerakyatan kepada kaum bukan Melayu tetapi orang Melayu. Sementara Perkara Lapan Perlembagaan Persekutuan pula menjelaskan bahawa semua warganegara mempunyai hak yang sama rata di sisi undang-undang.

“Jika anda fahami dengan betul, motif Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan adalah mengelakkan situasi tidak sama rata. Kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu (seperti yang termaktub dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan) mempunyai kaitan dengan kesamarataan.

“Ini kerana, ketika negara mencapai kemerdekaan, begitu ramai masyarakat Melayu hidup dalam kemiskinan,” jelas Chandra.

1 10 2010
SSS Admin

Org Muda,

Rakyat asal adalah yang dikatakan sebagai “rakyat raja”. Ini adalah sebelum kedatangan pihak British lagi, sejak zaman kesultanan wujud di bumi ini. Waktu itu semua pedagang-pedagang, mubaligh-mubaligh dll adalah bukan “rakyat raja” dan mereka hanyalah dibenarkan untuk singgah berdagang dan melalukan aktiviti-aktiviti lain yang diperkenankan. “Rakyat Raja” mempunyai keistinewaan yang tidak diberikan kepada orang lain.

Apabila British datang, mereka pun sedar tentang taraf kerakyatan adalah dan hanyalah dibawah bidang kuasa Raja-Raja. Untuk menyelesaikan masalah orang-orang cina dan india yang dibawa masuk oleh pihak British itu, suatu perjanjian atau suatu tolak ansur telah berlaku di mana Raja-Raja berkenan menganugerahkan taraf kerakyatan ini dengan adanya timbal balas di mana salah satunya, Raja-Raja mengekalkan keistimewaan yang hanya dinikmati oleh “Rakyat Raja”. Ini tidaklah harus dilihat dari sudut kesamarataan.

Inilah konsep 1Malaysia yang menekankan “penerimaan” di mana hak-hak keistimewaan orang Melayu itu mesti diterima dengan jujur tanpa perlu dipersoalkan. Keistimewaan itu hanyalah dalam beberapa perkara sahaja dan bukannya keseluruhan. Jadi jangan tamak kepada beberapa perkara ini, yang mana rohnya yang wujud sejak dari dulu lagi, dipersoalkan hari ini. Ini sifat yang tidak mengenang budi.

1 10 2010
Izudin

Sir

I don’t understand. What else do these people want? We were by ourseleves before. Then the colonists came. British brought in foreign labourers. Independence came. The British didn’t send them back. Then our forefathers and their forefathers agreed we get Special Position, they get citizenship.

They doing business for thousands of years. Now they have huge wealth and control the economy in this country. Why they want to touch Bumi housing discount, 30% Bumi equity and all? Not fair, I tell you sir.

3 10 2010
SSS Admin

Izudin,

We need to recognize that everybody always wants more. British philosopher Bertrand Russel talked about “the insatiability of man’s desires” that has accounted for progress in this world. And destruction, too. Endless wars, rebellions and civil strife in the history of mankind.

The important thing for human beings is to also realize that there must be limits to wanting more. Otherwise there will be trouble and the country will not be a better place to live in. One very clear limit is: in wanting for more, don’t do anything to harm the rights and interests of others. In race terms, that is being racist. Because it antagonises the others whose rights and interests are being threatened. Proposing to modify the Bumiputera housing discount and asking for the 30% Bumiputera equity target be abolished are antagonistic to the Bumiputera rights and interests. Those doing so need to remember these points and cease doing so. For the sake of making Malaysia a better place to live in.

Indeed the Chinese have been doing business in mainland China for a long, long time. In the modern history of this country, they have been doing it since they came here. Business has been a way of life, a part of their culture. They have amassed vast wealth and do control practically all aspects of the economy. It is definitely beyond the limit when the DAP MP talked about changing the Bumi housing discount and the MCA-sponsored Economic Congress called for the abolition of the 30% Bumi equity target. They wouldn’t like it if others talk about amending their citizenship right. Let us therefore be reasonable. For the sake of harmony and peace.

1 10 2010
Imran

A better place to live in? Simple. Just don’t asked too much, be reasonable. More important, don’t speaking you want Bumi 30% be abolished like that. Not good. You already got very much wealth. Bumi get angry. Trying hard to catch up but not yet. Bumi not happy, then not happy place to live in.

3 10 2010
SSS Admin

Imran,

As stated in our reply to Izudin just above this one, it is plain and simple that in wanting for more, others should not say or do anything that affects the rights and interests of the indigenous population of the country. The Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak form nearly 70% of then population but are left far behind economically and educationally. The others should not try to hinder or block attempts at reducing the gap between them and the Chinese who have vast wealth and educational capabilities as a community.

Indeed the Malays have been trying since the inception of the New Economic Policy that was derived from their Special Position under Article 153. The Malays entry into the business field began in earnestness from 1971. They have been doing mainly petty businesses before that. Business in the transport and construction sectors then began. In the 1980s they started big-time foray into the stock market, high finance, corporate take-overs, management buy-outs and the like. They reached a little over 20%% corporate ownership but lost some during the Asian Financial Crisis in 1the 1990s, now having only 18%. Not counting other aspects of the economy like commercial buildings and property ownership.

Nobody can tell how long it’ll take for the Malays to reach the desired levels. Because nobody has done it before – one race or community starting to participate in business – and nobody can estimate it correctly. If the NEP is not continued in the NEM fully, it might take longer still. Sidelining the NEP in the NEM is a risky matter. More and more Malays would feel their rights and interests are being disregarded and they may join the ranks of Perkasa. UMNO might become sidelined and that is a dangerous development. Because UMNO has always been identified as protecting and promoting Malay interests. To get the UMNO leadership to veer off from the tendency to sideline Malay interests in running after votes, the non-Malays should play fair. Having got their citizenship right, they should let NEP continue fully in NEM. The Chinese having got vast wealth and educational advancement must not touch the matter of the 30% Bumi equity etc. Live and let live. Then Malaysia would be a better place to live in for everybody.

2 10 2010
peng san

LKY is a farked up old man. He is in a senile mode. Instead of respecting his neighbours, he talks shit. Imagine if something happen to Singapore, like maybe, a natural disaster, who will help Singapore? Don’t say that Singapore is “protected” from any natural disaster……God is Great, if He wants anything to happen, it will happen………

This farked up old man is damn bloody arrogant! Talking about love thy neighbour……He can go to Hell for all I care!

3 10 2010
SSS Admin

peng san,

That old fart is a wash out. But is still wanting to fart here and there. He is a nasty and mischievouus man. He started the so-called Malaysian Malaysia concept when Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963. That concept is subversive to the Malay Special Position Article 153. When pushing that concept, he disregarded the fact that in Malaysia equality must take into account that Article 153. It’s in the Constitution of the political entity that Singapore, of which he was the Chief Minister, joined. Some said he agreed to join because of the prospect of his becoming a Prime Minister of a country, rather than a city state that Singapore became after being “kicked out” of Malaysia in 1965.

Having built up the City State to an acceptable level of progress, he was said to have expressed interest in becoming the United Nations Secretary General in the 1970s. But apparently not many were willing to sponsor or support his candidacy because they know the lack of freedom and democratic rights in Singapore which people associate with having “Big Brother on the wall”.

He has no bloody business comparing the “Little Red Dot” with Malaysia. It is bloody rude of him as a serving Minister of the Government to comment adversely on a neighbouring country. It is not comparable to Tun Dr Mahathir commenting on Singapore because TDM is no longer the PM of Malaysia. There was quite some decorum between the two leaders when TDM was in power. But after TDM relinquished power, perhaps it was Lee Kuan Yew who started irritating remarks. The high point was when LKY made an official visit to Malaysia many months ago, he paid a courtesy call on PM DS Najib’s wife, but not on the Elder Statesman. There’s nothing Mahathirish in our writing here. We just wish to point out the kind of politician LKY has been.

2 10 2010
Aysay

Aysay, the writer says

“Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB) yang dahulunya dilaksanakan selama 20 tahun masih tidak cukup untuk memajukan mereka. Tidak perlulah ditunjukkan segala angka-angka yang acap kali dikeluarkan oleh mana-mana pihak untuk membuktikan kebenaran kata-kata mereka”.

How can 20 years enough? They have been doing business for thousands of years. The Malays they say been doing only “berdagang”, exchange of daily necessities or barter trading. No business culture.

Who can estimate accurately how long Malays can achieve 30% target? Nobody has done that before. Be real, man.

4 10 2010
SSS Admin

Aysay,

True, nobody can estimate accurately the length of time for the Malays to achieve the 30% equity target because nobody has been there before. It is ridiculous for anybody to complain about that. Those doing so are looking for excuses to criticise the New Economic Policy. The Chinese in southern China took hundreds if not over a thousand years to catch up with the northern Chinese such that the Manchu Emperors also used affirmative action for them – reserved 25% of the civil service posts for the disadvantaged (less educated etc) southern Chinese, the very people some of whose descendants migrated to to this country in large numbers in the 19th Century. How can they now criticise the affirmative action taken for the disadvantaged Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak? Read the History of China by Prof C.P Fitzgerald if anyone wishes to verify this fact.

The issue, really, is reasonableness. For those who, as a community, own huge wealth, control the economy and fill up most of the professional jobs in this country, to complain against the DEB/ NEP is being unreasonable. They should be told that in Papua New Guinea, now independent for over 30 years, non-locals are being resented even for running retail shops, on the grounds that they are depriving the locals of their livelihood. Those in Malaysia should be thankful that they have got citizenship and have been free to do whatever business under the sun such that they are generally very wealthy and control the economy. Many have referred to this situation as ingratitude.

They should also know that in Fiji, where the non-indigenous population has outnumbered the locals, they were resented to the extent that they were ousted from power even after having won the general elections. The Military staged a coup d’ etat or take over of power. What rights and facilities they have in this country is unprecedented in many parts of the world. The Thais, the Indonesians and the Filipinos even made them adopt local names, dress like the locals etc. There’s no force used in this country. But the need to have Bahasa Malaysia used as the medium of instruction in all schools is in accordance with Article 152 of the Constitution. The need to respect the Bumiputera Special Position is in accordance with Article 153. The Constitution must be respected, abided by and lived with fully.

2 10 2010
azmi,

According to the Senior Lecturer of Universiti Utara Malaysia, when the NEM was introduced, there were people who were apprehensive that NEM will cause those left behind to be left farther behind. And that this people belong to the majority in this country. And this concern has made them restless.

Sure they would be left farther behind if NEP is not clearly spelt out as a policy in the NEM. Sure they are the majority in this country. Sure they feel restless because they are expected to compete in an uneven playing field. Mana boleh. The NEP must be continued and must be spelt out clearly in the NEM.

5 10 2010
SSS Admin

azmi,

When introduced in March 2010, the New Economic Model (NEM) made no clear mention of the New Economic Policy (NEP) that was designed to help the Malays who were left far behind after about 80 years of British colonial rule. Prior to the NEM announcement, there was already the liberalization of 27 sub-sectors of the economy, which was favourable to the Chinese and which would enable them to move further ahead in the country. The NEM draft talked about increasing the income of the 40% low-income population. That was good but it means that there is no catching up in the economic position of the Malays relative to the Chinese. The draft also talked about setting up an Equal Opportunities Commission implying no preferential treatment for the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak. Surely then people were apprehensive that the NEM will cause those left behind will be left farther behind.

The restlessness of the Malays have manifested itself in the public gatherings, roadshows and rallies of Perkasa, Gertak, Melayu Bangkit and the over 100 Malay NGOs. They even wanted to have a rally commemorating the racial riots of 1969, perhaps to remind the public that a huge economic and educational imbalance can easily trigger racial clashes like happened in 1969, but were not allowed by the authorities.

Prime Minister Dato Seri Najib had recently announced in Parliament that the 30% Bumiputera equity target would be retained. However, there has hitherto been no announcement whether the NEM has been finalised; it was scheduled to done so by July. It is still not clear how much of the NEP is in the NEM. The restlessness among the Malays is still there – they want to see whether the NEP is fully retained in the NEM or not.

A lot has been written as to why the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak need the NEP and the justification for being so. The NEP was derived from their Special Position under Article 153 of the Constitution. Many have said that since the non-Malay right to citizenship is forever, the NEP should also be forever. But, except for a smattering few, practically all them expect the NEP to continue at least until they have caught up with the Chinese to a satisfactory level, in all aspects of the economy, not just in corporate wealth.

3 10 2010
Ah So

I support Lim Mun Fah say

There are always people who maliciously stir up troubles and make irresponsible and insensitive comments, labelling a person of another race a penumpang (passenger) and asking him or her to leave the country. When you just ask for your respect and rights, they say that you have no gratitude, do not understand the social contract and forget about who you are.

5 10 2010
SSS Admin

Ah So,

We have in the past spoken about stimulus and response, cause and effect, who started what and the consequences of action and non-action on the part of various parties, groups or individuals. The Malays have been a pleasant and accomodating community of people but are known to have reacted adversely when they are provoked. Sir Frank Swettenham, who lived in this country for a total of 30 years until 1902, working in the British Colonial Service as a cadet Officer rising through the ranks until he became Governor General of the Straits Settlements and Resident Commissioner of the Malay States, described the Malays in those terms and used the word “amok” when extremely provoked. That word became adopted into the English language and exists in the English dictionary to this day.

Everybody must realize that “the people who maliciously stir up troubles” are the kind who started doing so when first entering this country in large numbers in the 19th Century. Menteri Larut, Ngah Ibrahim, brought into Perak a number of Chinese from Penang to help modernise his tin mines, later even provided them with capital (he had a lot of money from taxes, including “cukai jalan” or passing through his territory), yet the Chinese brought in secret societies, thugs and gangsters. The Chinese clans fought one another for control of the tin mines, started what became known as the Larut Wars, the Kapitan Cina and 44 gangsters signed a Petition asking the British in Penang to enter Perak to help recover mines lost to rival gangs, and it eventually led to British intervention in Perak and British colonialism. What ingratitude, what treachery. Then came Chin Peng and the largely Chinese Malayan Communist Party terrorists, causing decades of atrocities, destruction to lives and properties. Now, are they not the kind who started to “maliciously stir up troubles” in this country?

The label we have heard is “pendatang”, not “penumpang”. In line with the argument on “stimulus and response”, just look at the circumstance that led to the use of the word pendatang by the UMNO Division Head in Penang. That state is ruled by the DAP which, soon after Lee Kuan Yew and Singapore were kicked out of Malaysia in 1965, took on the so-called Malaysian Malaysia concept. It’s a nasty, mischievous concept calling for equality but is subversive to the Special Position of the Malays that has been enshrined in the Constitution as Article 153. That concept undermines the Malay Special Position. In Malaysia, equality must take into account the Special Position of the Malays which, with the formation of Malaysia, also covers the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak.

That was the kind of people ruling Penang, making all sorts of pronouncements, policies, statements and “irresponsible and insensitive comments” that led to the UMNO leader coming out referring to them as “pendatang”. This was followed by by others who agreed with him and it consequently became a label.

When you “just ask for your respect and rights”, no right-thinking Malays would condemn you and, generally being good-natured, they won’t. You need to ask why you are asking for respect in the first place. People say respect is earned, not asked or demanded. And what rights are you asking, anyway? Your citizenship right and that of your descendants is also enshrined in the Constitution, like the Malay Special Position, which is the quid pro quo. If you accept the Malay Special Position, you should be satisfied that you have the same rights as the Malays and others in all other aspects of life in this country. If you do not accept the Malay Special Position, it is ingratitude, because it was recorded in the Constitution in exchange for your right to citizenship. That was the Social Contract entered into by your forefathers with the Malay leaders of the time.

The fact that Lim Mun Fah wrote the article in those terms shows that he does not understand or accept the Social Contract and the Malay Special Position. If he really does not accept the Social Contract, then he does not respect and abide by the Constitution which incorporates the principles contained in the Social Contract. If he does not respect and abide by the Constitution, his loyalty to the country becomes questionable and statements about leaving the country come out.

3 10 2010
Udah

What Southern College researcher said that the races in Malaysia live in an environment of fear and suspicion? Who is being threatened by whom that he speaks about? What divide-and-rule policy is he talking about? British colonialism? Implementing Special Position provision of the Constitution is divide and rule? Having Chinese schools is divide and rule? Boy, he has many questions to answer, hasn’t he? He should be doing more research, man.

Yes, “There is, hence, a lack of confidence and understanding among the people, isolating each race from other races”. The vernacular schools certainly isolate those groups from the mainstream of society. They do have “Such a siege mentality” leading “to two extreme reactions, viz to assert and affirm oneself” through wanting to encroach on the Bumi 30% equity and “to elevate oneself by belittling and stepping on others”. These are dangerous tendencies. It can lead to conflagration of heightened racial feelings. They must stop doing so.

Indeed, “We must make sincere and serious efforts to eliminate the difficulties and obstacles in our pursuit of a more tolerant and understanding society”. All citizens must respect the National Language and the Special Position of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak. True, “We must never give up in this struggle to make Malaysia a better place to live and work for all the peoples of the various races”. By doing the aforesaid.

4 10 2010
SSS Admin

Udah,

Southern College is not a familiar institution, the qualification and academic standing of the researcher is not stated. His opinion may therefore be suspect. While there may be a few Malaysians feeling uneasy, saying “the races in Malaysia live in an environment of fear and suspicion” is an over-generalization. He probably is referring to some among the minorities, especially the Chinese, feeling threatened, perhaps out of guilt conscience, because they are the richest community and the most advanced educationally in the country yet DAP Tony Pua spoke about amending the Bumiputera housing discount and the MCA-sponsored Economic Congress asked for the abolition of the 30% Bumiputera equity target.

Talking about divide-and-rule policy is really nonsensical. If he refers to the New Economic Policy, he does not respect the Constitution Article 153 on the Malay Special Position, suggesting he has skewed thinking not befitting a researcher. Similarly if he refers to the policy where Chinese schools do not get government funding. If so, he has very shallow thinking not appreciating that schools not having Bahasa Malaysia as the medium of instruction do not conform to Article 152 on Bahasa Malaysia as the National Language and therefore do not deserve government funding – they should realise being lucky that they are allowed to exist.

Proponents and adherents of vernacular schools do isolate themselves from mainstream Malaysiana. They generally mix among themselves, unlike those in National Schools which comprise of all races in the country, enabling inter-racial mixing, a sense of togetherness as Malaysians. Indeed, the “siege mentality” refers to them – an inferiority complex that manifests a need to “assert and affirm oneself” in a destructive manner by “belittling and stepping on others”. We agree that they must stop encroaching on Malay and Bumiputera rights by calling for the abolition of the 30% Bumi equity. They have dared to touch on the sensitivities of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak and the Government should take action on them under the Sedition Act, irrespective of whether they are big businesses or belonging to a member of the ruling coalition government.

It’s people like those who are the least tolerant. They are extremely greedy, too. They, as a community, own vast wealth and dominate the field of professionals in the country, yet they think nasty by not letting the Malays and the Bumis catch up with them a little. How greedy and racist they can be. The dictionary definition of racism is where there is antagonism towards others and calling for the abolition of the 30% Bumi equity is certainly being antagonistic. Asking the 30% Bumi equity be abolished has led to some Bumis asking the same in respect of their citizenship, the quid pro quo for the Bumi Special Position which they are attacking. This is not good for racial unity and for what they themselves want – making Malaysia a better place. The common expression then applies – cakap tak serupa bikin. They should really respect the Constitution fully and do as the Constitution says instead.

3 10 2010
San Peng.

For any Malaysian, Malaysia is already a better place than most to live or die in. Most Malaysians would very much like to see Malaysia grow and are willing to die for this tanah air.

But of course there are many clever people around. They invent and introduce much good for the country.

At times some others “contribute” efforts that are a little better than “tikus membaiki labu”.

When asked, “What are you doing?”; he would spread his arms and say, “I’m doing good”

Some tikus do not know that they are rats. Tak percaya? Cuba tanya mereka, “Kenapa si penggali kubur tak pernah pakai seluar dalam?”

Tengok apa dia jawab.

6 10 2010
SSS Admin

San Peng,

Indeed, Malaysia is a better place than most in Southeast Asia. Singapore has Big Brother on the Wall, people there can’t even talk the way we do, even in the Internet. In Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia, foreigners have to speak the local language at all times in public places, were, and still are to a certain extent, made to use local names, put on local dresses. They were assimilated, not integrated, with the locals. Indonesia only allowed Chinese lion dances etc very recently. Papua New Guineans even resent Chinese doing retail businesses until now, saying they are depriving the locals of jobs. Malaysians should really be thankful for what they have in Malaysia. They must therefore respect and live with the Constitution of the country fully.

Until and unless all Malaysians do that, things won’t be better in this country. Articles 152 on Bahasa Malaysia and 153 on the Special Position are a must. Non- respect for those means an unwillingness to be fully Malaysian. Additionally, it irks the 70% Malays and Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak when their Special Position is not respected. Yet “the others” have got their citizenship right and have used it for 2-3 generations already. It is high time they recognize that fact. Otherwise, the Malays and the Bumis will think of them as the ones who are unwilling to make this country a better place to live in.

Political differences there will always be. But on Article 152 and 153 there is really no room for argument. Bahasa Malaysia is the National Language, shall be used for all official purposes and schools are the official business of any country. There’s no two-ways about Bahasa Malaysia being the medium of instruction in schools. No doubt the Constitution allows for the use and the learning of mother tongue. But it does not say one bit about mother tongue being the medium of instruction. Mother tongue may be studied as elective subjects in schools, all of which should have Bahasa Malaysia as the medium of instruction.

Similarly, there’s no argument about the Special Position of the Malays and the Bumis of Sabah and Sarawak. It is placed in the Constitution for a definite purpose. It is protected under the Sedition Act. Arguing about it is a criminal offence. Read about the rationale for the Speial Position and the background to the drafting of the Constitution, as well as the relevant parts of the history of this country that have been said time and again in this blog and elsewhere.

4 10 2010
Izham

Respect the Special Position. Abide by and follow all the clauses of the Constitution. Then Malaysia can be a better place to live in.

6 10 2010
SSS Admin

Izham,

What is asked of Malaysians who have a lack of respect for the Special Position of the Malays and the Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak, and for other important Articles of the Constitution like the one on Bahasa Malaysia, is not much – reasonableness. It is only reasonable that they reciprocate the gesture on citizenship for them and their descendants at Merdeka. The exchange or quid pro quo for that is the Special Position. It is also reasonable that they respect Bahasa Malaysia. It is stated in the Constitution as the National Language of the country. Moreover, it (Bahasa Melayu) has been the lingua franca of this region since time immemorial.

When they become unreasonable and continue their intransigence, the Malays and the Bumiputeras feel unhappy, resent them, some even started to ask for their citizenship right be reviewed, a few went to the extent of saying that, because they do not respect the Constitution, they should look for places elsewhere that they can accept and respect the Constitution and the laws there. All these do not make Malaysia a better place to live in. The opposite applies.

Let us continue to urge and implore on such people to take a little time and reflect on what they have got in this country in terms of freedom to carry out their daily activities unhampered by resentment even to do retail trade like in Papua New Guinea, unhindered in their practice of all kinds of religions so long as they don’t contradict the position of Islam as the official religion of the country, and the many other advantages they have compared to those of their kind in other countries in this region. In Fiji, the non-indigenous population even have to face a military take over of power and military rule which became necessary to protect the rights and interests of the indigenous people there.

5 10 2010
Orang Lama

“Ahli Parlimen Pembangkang, Nurul Izzah Anwar dilaporkan mempersoalkan Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan berhubung hak dan keistimewaan orang Melayu”. –

Macam macam dah Melayu ni sekarang. Budak berhingus UMNO patut majukan kepentingan Melayu tapi nampaknya nak majukan kepentingan orang lain, hantam Ibrahim Ali dsbnya.

Budak berhingus PKR nak perso’alkan Kedudukan Istimewa Melayu pulak, bunyi bukan main bengkeng, challenge Tun Dr Mahathir dsbnya.

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